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This revision of the classification of unicellular eukaryotes updates that of Levine et al. (1980) for the protozoa and expands it to include other protists. Whereas the previous revision was primarily to incorporate the results of ultrastructural studies, this revision incorporates results from both ultrastructural research since 1980 and molecular(More)
The flagellates and the ciliates have long been considered to be closely related because of their unicellular nature and the similarity in the structures of the axoneme of the flagella and cilia in both groups. Most protozoologists believe that the ciliates arose from a flagellate. The flagellates that are most similar in structure to the ciliates are the(More)
Kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein (KCBP), a member of the Kinesin-14 family, is a C-terminal microtubule motor with three unique domains including a myosin tail homology region 4 (MyTH4), a talin-like domain, and a calmodulin-binding domain (CBD). The MyTH4 and talin-like domains (found in some myosins) are not found in other reported kinesins. A(More)
NifS-like proteins provide the sulfur (S) for the formation of iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters, an ancient and essential type of cofactor found in all three domains of life. Plants are known to contain two distinct NifS-like proteins, localized in the mitochondria (MtNifS) and the chloroplast (CpNifS). In the chloroplast, five different Fe-S cluster types are(More)
Plants have evolved elegant mechanisms to continuously sense and respond to their environment, suggesting that these properties can be adapted to make inexpensive and widely used biological monitors, or sentinels, for human threats. For a plant to be a sentinel, a reporting system is needed for large areas and widespread monitoring. The reporter or readout(More)
Photodormant lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) seeds were incubated in mannitol to prevent germination. Under these conditions, red light induced an extensive degradation of protein and a moderate one of lipid in the cortical cells of the radicle 24 h after treatment. It is suggested that the previously reported phytochrome-caused lowering of the water potential(More)
The colorless flagellate Kathablepharis has consisted of five species based on light microscopic studies, and the ultrastructure of the type species, Kathablepharis phoenikoston, is described for the first time. The heterotrophic, marine flagellate Leucocryptos consisted of two species, but additional ultrastructural details for one of these, Kathablepharis(More)
KCBP (kinesin-like calmodulin [CaM]-binding proteins), a member of the carboxy-terminal kinesin-like proteins (KLPs), is unique among KLPs in having a CaM-binding domain (CBD). CaM-binding KLPs have been identified from flowering plants and the sea urchin. To determine if CaM-binding KLP is present in phylogenetically divergent protists, we probed(More)
The morphology and ultrastructure of a new freshwater blue-green cryptomonad, Hemiselmis amylosa sp. nov., is described. In addition, a marine blue-green cryptomonad isolate was confirmed as Falcomonas daucoides by electron microscopy and phycobilin analysis so that it could be included in molecular sequence studies, since the original isolate is no longer(More)