Paul Komminoth

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is an autosomal dominant disorder. The 3 recognized subtypes include MEN 2A, characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma (pheo), and hyperparathyroidism (HPT); MEN 2B, by MTC, pheo, and characteristic stigmata; and familial MTC (FMTC), by the presence of MTC only. The purpose of(More)
Germline mutations in PTEN, encoding a dual-specificity phosphatase on 10q23.3, cause Cowden syndrome (CS), which is characterized by a high risk of breast and thyroid cancers. Loss of heterozygosity of 10q22-24 markers and somatic PTEN mutations have been found to a greater or lesser extent in a variety of sporadic component and noncomponent cancers of CS.(More)
The gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are composed of cells with a neuroendocrine phenotype. Well-differentiated tumors, well-differentiated carcinomas, poorly differentiated carcinomas, functioning tumors (with a hormonal syndrome), and nonfunctioning tumors are identified. To predict their clinical behavior, these neuroendocrine(More)
The pathogenesis of sporadic endocrine pancreatic tumors (EPTs) is still primarily unknown. Comparative genomic hybridization studies revealed loss of 10q in a significant number (nine of 31) of EPTs. The tumor suppressor gene PTEN lies on 10q23, and so, is a candidate to play some role in EPT pathogenesis. Germline PTEN mutations are found in Cowden and(More)
BACKGROUND Both the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) and the International Union for Cancer Control/American Joint Cancer Committee/World Health Organization (UICC/AJCC/WHO) have proposed TNM staging systems for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. This study aims to identify the most accurate and useful TNM system for pancreatic neuroendocrine(More)
In this overview we emphasize new methods of improving immunohistochemical results in formaldehyde-fixed tissue samples. The benefit of heat-induced antigen retrieval in demasking of concealed epitopes is demonstrated. We provide guidance on the influence of heat-induced antigen retrieval in commonly applied monoclonal and polyconal antibodies. Moreover, we(More)
a Digestive Diseases Branch, NIH, Bethesda, Md. , USA; b Service d’Hépato-Gastroentérologie, CHU de Reims, Hôpital Robert Debré, Reims , France; c University of Florence, Florence , Italy; d Department of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC University, Rotterdam , The Netherlands; e Department of Pathophysiology, National University of Athens, Athens , Greece; f(More)
Germline mutations in PTEN (MMAC1/TEP1) are found in patients with Cowden syndrome, a familial cancer syndrome which is characterized by a high risk of breast and thyroid neoplasia. Although somatic intragenic PTEN mutations have rarely been found in benign and malignant sporadic thyroid tumors, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) has been reported in up to one(More)
BACKGROUND Bariatric surgery is, at present, the most effective method to achieve major, long-term weight loss in severely obese patients. Recently, severe recurrent symptomatic hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was described as a consequence of gastric bypass surgery (GBS) in a small series of patients with severe obesity. Pancreatic nesidioblastosis, a(More)
The molecular pathogenesis as well as histogenesis of endocrine pancreatic tumors (EPTs) is not well understood, and the clinical behavior of EPTs is difficult to predict using current morphological criteria. Thus, more accurate markers of risk and better understanding of tumor initiation and progression are needed to allow a precise classification of EPTs.(More)