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Chronic nicotine infusion has been found in a series of studies in our laboratory to significantly improve choice accuracy of rats in the eight-arm radial maze. The current study was designed to compare the effects of chronic nicotine infusion on working and reference memory in a 16-arm radial maze. Nicotine was administered to female Sprague-Dawley rats at(More)
PURPOSE To review our experience with the use of percutaneous methods to manage the ischemic complications of type-B aortic dissection. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective review of our interventional radiology database identified 11 patients with acute type-B aortic dissection who underwent 13 endovascular procedures to attempt revascularization of 23(More)
Evidence indicates that a diet rich in omega (omega)-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) [e.g., linoleic acid (LA)] increases prostate cancer (PCa) risk, whereas a diet rich in omega-3 decreases risk. Precisely how these PUFAs affect disease development remains unclear. So we examined the roles that PUFAs play in PCa, and we determined if increased(More)
An acute increase in tubular fluid flow rate in the microperfused cortical collecting duct (CCD), associated with a approximately 20% increase in tubular diameter, leads to an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i)in both principal and intercalated cells (Woda CB, Leite M Jr, Rohatgi R, and Satlin LM. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 283:(More)
Sirs, Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common monogenic renal disorder and frequently progresses to renal failure [1]. Because of its relative prevalence, it is the most well-characterized of the genetic cystic renal diseases. Histopathologically, the cysts are derived from all segments of the nephron, yet they “bud off” and(More)
Gold nanohexapods represent a novel class of optically tunable nanostructures consisting of an octahedral core and six arms grown on its vertices. By controlling the length of the arms, their localized surface plasmon resonance peaks could be tuned from the visible to the near-infrared region for deep penetration of light into soft tissues. Herein we(More)
We investigate the use of fractal analysis (FA) as the basis of a system for multiclass prediction of the progression of glaucoma. FA is applied to pseudo 2-D images converted from 1-D retinal nerve fiber layer data obtained from the eyes of normal subjects, and from subjects with progressive and nonprogressive glaucoma. FA features are obtained using a(More)
Fracture surfaces of Zr-based bulk metallic glasses of various compositions tested in the as-cast and annealed conditions were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. The tougher samples have shown highly jagged patterns at the beginning stage of crack propagation, and the length and roughness of this jagged pattern correlate well with the measured(More)
OBJECTIVES To show that EEG markers formed using the variable percent recurrence reliably quantified two related aspects of sleep quality, sleep depth and sleep fragmentation. As hypotheses, the depth marker would increase and the fragmentation marker decrease in patients where improved sleep quality occurred when assessed by polysomnography. METHODS The(More)