Learn More
CD163, a monocyte and macrophage-specific surface glycoprotein, which is increased by interleukin-10 and glucocorticoids, is a scavenger receptor for hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes. We report a rapid and highly reproducible rise in soluble CD163 in the plasma of human volunteers given intravenous lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We also show that LPS induces(More)
BACKGROUND In the United States, asthma prevalence is particularly high among urban children. Although the underlying immune mechanism contributing to asthma has not been identified, having impaired T regulatory (Treg) cells at birth may be a determining factor in urban children. The objective of this study was to compare Treg phenotype and function in cord(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), an inherited disorder of the NADPH oxidase in which phagocytes are defective in generating superoxide anion and downstream reactive oxidant intermediates (ROIs), is characterized by recurrent bacterial and fungal infections and by excessive inflammation (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease). The mechanisms by(More)
Previously, we have successfully targeted the mannose receptor (MR) expressed on monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) using a fully human MR-specific antibody, B11, as a vehicle to deliver whole protein tumor antigens such as the human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (hCGbeta). Since MRs play a role in bridging innate immunity with adaptive immunity we(More)
BACKGROUND Chlamydia trachomatis infection of the female genital tract can lead to serious sequelae resulting in fertility related disorders. Little is known about the mechanism leading to Chlamydia induced pathology and factors responsible for it. As only some of the women develops reproductive disorders while majority of the women clears infection without(More)
Significant levels of circulating immune complexes (ICs) containing rheumatoid factors and immunoglobulin G in peripheral blood are a characteristic feature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). ICs interact through Fc gamma receptors (Fc gammaR) to activate phagocytes in numerous inflammatory processes. The high concentration of neutrophils in synovial fluid(More)
It has been demonstrated previously that mixed cell suspensions from the female reproductive tract consisting of human epithelial and stromal cells were capable of presenting foreign antigen to autologous T cells. There have been, however, no reported studies examining antigen presentation by isolated epithelial cells from the human female reproductive(More)
We have demonstrated that immunotherapy of young (6-10 weeks old), and aged, (greater than 24 months old), tumor bearing mice with biological response modifiers enhanced survival and inhibited tumor growth, while treatment of aged mice had little or no effect. We hypothesized that the antitumor activity in young mice was principally mediated by activated(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has been implicated in the development and pathogenicity of infectious diseases and autoimmune disorders, such as septic shock and arthritis. The zinc-finger protein tristetraprolin (TTP) has been identified as a major regulator of TNF biosynthesis. To define its intracellular location and examine its regulation of TNF, a(More)
Background. RNA editing is a post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism that can alter the coding sequences of certain genes in response to physiological demands. We previously identified C-to-U RNA editing (C136U, R46X) which inactivates a small fraction of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH; mitochondrial complex II) subunit B gene (SDHB) mRNAs in normal(More)