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Ceruloplasmin (CP), the major plasma anti-oxidant and copper transport protein, is synthesized in several tissues, including the brain. We compared regional brain concentrations of CP and copper between subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 12), Parkinson's disease (PD, n = 14), Huntington's disease (HD, n = 11), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP, n(More)
Oxidant-mediated damage is suspected to be involved in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders. Iron promotes conversion of hydrogen peroxide to hydroxyl radical and, thus, may contribute to oxidant stress. We measured iron and its transport protein transferrin in caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and frontal cortex of(More)
OBJECTIVE Myostatin is an endogenous negative regulator of muscle growth and a novel target for muscle diseases. We conducted a safety trial of a neutralizing antibody to myostatin, MYO-029, in adult muscular dystrophies (Becker muscular dystrophy, facioscapulohumeral dystrophy, and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy). METHODS This double-blind,(More)
OBJECTIVE In the present study, we sought to develop/characterize the pain profile of a rat model of surgically induced osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS OA was surgically induced in male Lewis rats (200-225 g) by transection of the medial collateral ligament and medial meniscus of the femoro-tibial joint. In order to characterize the pain profile, animals(More)
Complement activation is present in the brain in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and C1q concentrations are decreased in AD cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). To determine whether concentrations of other complement proteins are also altered in AD CSF, we measured concentrations of C3a and SC5b-9 in CSF from patients with probable AD (n = 19), normal aged controls (n =(More)
In Parkinson's disease (PD), a compensatory increase in dopamine (DA) turnover occurs in the remaining nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, resulting in greater exposure of each neuron to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) derived from oxidative deamination of DA. The formation of oxyradicals from H2O2 is regarded as a mechanism that could contribute to the(More)
Levodopa treatment in Parkinson's disease has been suggested to contribute to disease progression through free radical generation. We compared the time course of levodopa-induced dopamine metabolism, and the resulting oxidative stress, between rat brain regions with varying dopaminergic innervation. At 1, 4, 8, and 12 h after levodopa administration (100(More)
The proliferative response of murine lymphocytes to interleukin-2 (IL-2) was examined under physico-chemical conditions present in solid tumours, namely low oxygen and glucose concentrations and acidic pH. Lymphocytes were cultured for four days in 30 U ml-1 IL-2 to simulate serum IL-2 concentrations attainable with high-dose systemic IL-2 therapy.(More)
The compound CI-1007 (R-(+)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-4-phenyl-1 [(3-phenyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)methyl]pyridine maleate) has been identified as a partial dopamine agonist and putative antipsychotic in in-vitro and in-vivo neurochemical, neurophysiological and behavioural tests. By use of microdialysis in conjunction with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)(More)
Immunocytochemical staining was performed to investigate the presence of anti-hippocampal antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 19), aged normal controls (n = 9), and young normal controls (n = 10). Marked staining of neurons in the granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus and in pyramidal neurons(More)