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Absolute pitch (AP) is the ability to recognize a pitch, without an external reference. By surveying more than 600 musicians in music conservatories, training programs, and orchestras, we have attempted to dissect the influences of early musical training and genetics on the development of this ability. Early musical training appears to be necessary but not(More)
Rab3A is a small GTP-binding protein highly concentrated on synaptic vesicles. Like other small GTP-binding proteins it is thought to cycle between a soluble and a membrane-associated state. To determine at which stage of the life cycle of synaptic vesicles rab3A is associated with their membranes, the localization of the protein in neurons and(More)
Synapsins are neuronal phosphoproteins that coat synaptic vesicles, bind to the cytoskeleton, and are believed to function in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. Molecular cloning reveals that the synapsins comprise a family of four homologous proteins whose messenger RNA's are generated by differential splicing of transcripts from two genes. Each(More)
Synaptophysin, an integral membrane protein of small synaptic vesicles, was expressed by transfection in fibroblastic CHO-K1 cells. The properties and localization of synaptophysin were compared between transfected CHO-K1 cells and native neuroendocrine PC12 cells. Both cell types similarly glycosylate synaptophysin and sort it into indistinguishable(More)
Ca2+ efficiently inhibits binding of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) to the InsP3 receptor in cerebellar membranes but not to the purified receptor. We have now investigated the mechanism of action by which Ca2+ inhibits InsP3 binding. Our results suggest that Ca2+ does not cause the stable association of a Ca(2+)-binding protein with the receptor.(More)
BACKGROUND AND SCOPE Since its inception two decades ago, the concept of sustainable development has suffered from a proliferation of definitions, such that it has increasingly come to mean many things to many different people. This has limited its credibility, called into question its practical application and the significance of associated achievements(More)
5'-Fluorouracil (5-FU), used in the treatment of colon and breast cancers, is converted intracellularly to 5'-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (5-FUdR) by thymidine phosphorylase and is subsequently phosphorylated by thymidine kinase to 5'-fluoro-2'-dUMP (5-FdUMP). This active metabolite, along with the reduced folate cofactor, 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate, forms a(More)
The polymerization of actin filaments is involved in growth, movement, and cell division. It has been shown that actin polymerization is controlled by gelsolin, whose interactions with actin are activated by calcium ion (Ca2+) and inhibited by membrane polyphosphoinositides (PPI). A smaller Ca2(+)- and PPI-regulated protein, gCap39, which has 49% sequence(More)
Printed on 100% recycled post-consumer waste with vegetable based inks. Executive summary The global market for electrical and electronic equipment continues to expand, while the lifespan of many products becomes shorter. Consequently, the waste stream of obsolete electrical and electronic products, commonly called " e-waste " , is also vast and growing,(More)
1. Specimens of the common shrimp, Crangon crangon, were exposed to sub-acute logarithmically separated concentrations (ranging from 0.05 microgram to 500 micrograms l-1) of two structurally dissimilar PCB congeners (PCB 15 and PCB 77) for five days in vitro. 2. Mortality, recoverable haemolymph volume, haemocyte count, plasma protein and haemolymph(More)