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Few studies have yet addressed the functional aspects of MHC molecules in fish. To lay the foundation for this, we evaluated the association between disease resistance and MHC class I and class II polymorphism in Atlantic salmon. Standardized disease challenge trials were performed on a semi-wild Atlantic salmon population with subsequent MHC typing and(More)
Infectious pancreatic necrosis, an important problem of the salmon industry worldwide, is caused by Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV). Fish surviving an IPNV infection become virus carriers, and the identification of infected fish is highly relevant to disease control. The target organ for IPNV diagnosis is the kidney, where the virus persists,(More)
Several DNA constructs containing the spring viraemia of carp virus (SVCV) glycoprotein (G) gene were investigated for their ability to induce protection against SVCV following injection into myofibres. The constructs were pooled into four groups and co-injected with a plasmid encoding murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Group 1(More)
In this paper it is argued, using examples of disease emergence in aquatic animals in Europe, that the introduction of non-native species drives disease emergence by both extending the geographic range of parasites and pathogens and facilitating host-switching. Enteric red mouth disease and infectious haematopoietic necrosis of salmonids have extended their(More)
A new molecular diagnostic assay was developed for rapid and sensitive diagnosis of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) by using a one step, one tube reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP). A set of six LAMP primers was designed to amplify the target RNA by incubation with Bst DNA polymerase plus reverse transcriptase(More)
The study was conducted in Atlantic salmon to establish the initial and basic scientific documentation for an alternative batch potency test for salmon furuculosis vaccines. We assessed the antibody response development for Aeromonas salmonicida vaccines at different immunisation temperatures (3, 12 and 18 °C), by an enzyme-linked-immunosorbent assay(More)
An economic model for estimating the direct costs of disease in industrial aquaculture was developed to include the following areas: biological losses, extraordinary costs, costs of treatment, costs of prevention and insurance pay-out. Direct costs of a pancreas disease (PD) outbreak in Norwegian farmed Atlantic salmon were estimated in the model, using(More)
Active immunisation of fish involves a number of potentially harmful procedures like handling, anaesthesia or injection of more or less toxic substances. Adjuvanted vaccines may cause inflammation, granuloma and pigmentation at the site of injection. Intraperitoneal administration of oil-adjuvanted vaccines to Atlantic salmon pre-smolts has occasionally(More)
To investigate normal light scattering and cataract formation, the anterior eye segments of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) reared in fresh water and sea water were documented in vivo for the first time with a Topcon SL-45 Scheimpflug camera. A total of 40 fish from the fresh-water-rearing period, obtained from 2 groups of identical age but showing a(More)
Atlantic salmon S1/2 pre-smolts from the VESO Vikan hatchery were assigned to study groups, i.p. immunized with commercially available, multivalent oil-adjuvanted vaccines with (Norvax Compact 6 - NC-6) or without (Norvax Compact 4 - NC-4) recombinant infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) antigen. A control group received saline solution. When ready(More)