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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (RTMS) has been reported to induce epileptic seizures in normal control and in epileptic patients. Therefore we characterized the effect of acute or chronic stimulations with RTMS on the induction of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced clonic seizures in the rat. Male Wistar rats were stimulated with a 13-cm coil(More)
In order to study blood pressure, adrenergic, and cholinergic activity in severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), 14 patients with apnea index (AI) greater than 30 apneas/h, mean apnea time index greater than 20 sec were studied before and with nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (nCPAP). Sleep, respiration, arterial blood pressure, arterial plasma(More)
The relationship between sleep and headache has been known for over a century. Headache and sleeping problems are both some of the most commonly reported problems in clinical practice, and cause considerable social and family problems, as well as socio-economic impact and costs. There is a clear association between headache and sleep disturbances,(More)
BACKGROUND A number of studies have demonstrated an association between habitual snoring and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Control for the influence of potential confounders has been inadequate. To clarify the issue we examined the association between snoring and future risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke while controlling for the(More)
BACKGROUND Major surgery is followed by pronounced sleep disturbances after traditional perioperative care potentially leading to prolonged recovery. The aim was to evaluate the rapid eye movement (REM) sleep duration and sleep architecture before and after fast-track hip and knee replacement with length of stay (LOS) <3 days. The primary endpoint was REM(More)
The morbidity of diagnostic catheterization in healthy women has never been described. In order to further elucidate the natural history of postcystometry bacteriuria we studied a group of healthy women without lower urinary tract symptoms. Thirty female volunteers aged 39–72 years underwent urine sampling prior to and at day 3 after invasive urodynamic(More)
Sleep disturbances in the intensive care unit (ICU) seem to lead to development of delirium, prolonged ICU stay, and increased mortality. That is why sufficient sleep is important for good outcome and recovery in critically ill patients. A variety of small studies reveal pathological sleep patterns in critically ill patients including abnormal circadian(More)
When the middle fossa (MF) approach was introduced in Denmark, we were concerned about the possible risk to the temporal lobe caused by the retraction of the lobe when exposing the internal acoustic meatus. EEG recordings were therefore obtained prospectively before (21 patients) and after MF tumor removal (all 23 patients operated from 1989 to 1997). Only(More)