Paul JR Barton

Learn More
The vertebrate homeobox genes Msx-1 and Msx-2 are related to the Drosophila msh gene and are expressed in a variety of tissues during embryogenesis. We have examined their expression by in situ hybridisation during critical stages of cardiac development in the chick from stages 15+ to 37. Msx-1 expression is apparent in a number of non-myocardial cell(More)
In all eukaryotes, actin and myosin play a role in the maintenance of cell shape and in cellular movement (e.g. reviewed by Korn, 1978). In the muscles of multicellular organisms actomyosin is the principal structural component of the sarcomere, the unit of the muscle fibre. Movement is effected by the sliding of actin and myosin filaments over each other,(More)
The human cardiac troponin I (TnIc) gene exhibits both cardiac-specific and developmentally regulated expression. The structure and expression of this gene as well as the identification of putative regulatory elements have been described previously. This study shows that a minimal promoter containing 98 bp of sequence is sufficient to drive transcription in(More)
Troponin T, which links the troponin complex to tropomyosin, is found as multiple isoforms in the hearts of many animal species. Changes in isoform composition have been correlated with variation in myofilament sensitivity to calcium. In order to determine the origin of diversity of the cardiac troponin T (cTnT) isoforms indicated by existing protein data,(More)
Based on chromosomal mapping data, we recently revealed an unexpected linkage of troponin genes in the human genome: the six genes encoding striated muscle troponin I and troponin T isoforms are located at three chromosomal sites, each of which carries a troponin I-troponin T gene pair. Here we have investigated the organization of these genes at the DNA(More)
We have localized the gene encoding the fast skeletal muscle isoform of troponin I (TNNI2) to 11p15.5 by PCR-based analysis of somatic cell hybrid panels: based on the Genebridge4 radiation hybrid panel, TNNI2 is coincident with the marker D11S922. The gene encoding the fast skeletal muscle troponin T gene (TNNT3) has been previously assigned to 11p15.5(More)
OBJECTIVES The expression of the human cardiac troponin I (hTnIc) gene is developmentally regulated and tissue-specific. In analysing the putative binding elements within the proximal promoter, a CACC-box sequence overlapping a consensus Sp1 element has been identified. The aim of this study was to characterise the factors binding to this element and to(More)
A number of different phenotypes emerge from the mesoderm-derived cardiomyogenic cells of the embryonic tubular heart, including those comprising the cardiac conduction system. The transcriptional regulation of this phenotypic divergence within the cardiomyogenic lineage remains poorly characterized. A relationship between expression of the transcription(More)
BACKGROUND Regulators of G-protein Signalling (RGS) proteins have been shown to limit in vitro signalling of G proteins. In common with end-stage heart failure, we have recently shown that upregulation of the inhibitory G-protein, Gialpha, occurs in acutely failing donor hearts unused for transplantation due to severe myocardial dysfunction. In light of(More)