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PURPOSE To compare the preclinical and clinical pharmacokinetic properties of paclitaxel formulated as a Cremophor-free, albumin-bound nanoparticle (ABI-007) and formulated in Cremophor-ethanol (Taxol). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN ABI-007 and Taxol were given i.v. to Harlan Sprague-Dawley male rats to determine pharmacokinetic and drug disposition. Paclitaxel(More)
PURPOSE It is established that bisphosphonates (BPs), specific inhibitors of osteoclasts, have beneficial effects on bone metastases of breast cancer. In addition, recent studies have reported that BPs have anticancer effects and suppress visceral metastases, too. However, the results of clinical studies are still conflicting. In the present study, we(More)
Breast cancer produces a variety of growth factors to promote its behavior at primary and secondary sites in autocrine/paracrine manners. However, the role of these growth factors in the colonization of cancer cells in bone, which is one of the most common metastatic sites, is poorly understood. To study this, we established an in vivo model in which the(More)
The proto-oncogene, c-src, has been implicated in the tumorigenesis in breast cancer. However, the relationship of c-src with distant metastasis is unclear. Moreover, the role of c-src in organ-preferential metastasis of breast cancer is unknown. Because breast cancer has a strong predilection for metastasizing to bone, we examined the role of c-src in bone(More)
Bisphosphonate (BP), a specific inhibitor of osteoclasts, has been widely used as a beneficial agent for the treatment of bone metastases in patients with breast cancer. It is well recognized that BP reduces osteolysis by promoting apoptosis in osteoclasts. However, recent animal and human data suggest that BPs not only reduce osteolysis associated with(More)
The mechanisms by which tumor cells metastasize to bone are not well understood. We have investigated the role of the basement membrane glycoprotein, laminin, in bone metastasis, since antagonists to laminin have been shown to inhibit the formation of lung metastases. We studied the formation of osteolytic metastases caused by a human tumor which is known(More)
Clinical evidence indicates that fat is inversely proportional to bone mass in elderly obese women. However, it remains unclear whether obesity accelerates bone loss. In this report we present evidence that increased visceral fat leads to inflammation and subsequent bone loss in 12-month-old C57BL/6J mice that were fed 10% corn oil (CO)-based diet and a(More)
Bisphosphonate (BP), a specific inhibitor of osteoclasts, has been widely used as a beneficial agent for the treatment of bone metastases in patients with breast cancer. It is well recognized that BP reduces osteolysis by promoting apoptosis in osteoclasts. However, recent animal and human data suggest that BPs not only reduce osteolysis associated with(More)
Postmenopausal osteoporosis due to estrogen deficiency is associated with severe morbidity and mortality. Beneficial effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on bone mineral density (BMD) have been reported in mice, rats and humans, but the effect of long term CLA supplementation against ovariectomy-induced bone loss in mice and the mechanisms underlying(More)
Treatment of multiple myeloma with bortezomib can result in severe adverse effects, necessitating the development of targeted inhibitors of the proteasome. We show that stable expression of a dominant-negative F-box deleted (∆F) mutant of the E3 ubiquitin ligase, SCFβ-TrCP/FWD1, in murine 5TGM1 myeloma cells dramatically attenuated their skeletal(More)