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This article describes three multivariate projection methods and compares them for their ability to identify clusters of biological samples and genes using real-life data on gene expression levels of leukemia patients. It is shown that principal component analysis (PCA) has the disadvantage that the resulting principal factors are not very informative,(More)
Anti-AIDS drug candidate and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) TMC125-R165335 (etravirine) caused an initial drop in viral load similar to that observed with a five-drug combination in naïve patients and retains potency in patients infected with NNRTI-resistant HIV-1 variants. TMC125-R165335 and related anti-AIDS drug candidates can(More)
OBJECTIVES In schizophrenia, stereotypy is observed, a symptom characterized by repetitive, functionless motor behaviour. Whereas cognitive dysfunctioning is known to remain stable throughout the illness, less is known about the course of the motor symptoms. The Zeigeversuch [Mittenecker, E., 1953. Perseveration und Persönlichkeit: 1. Teil: experimentelle(More)
In schizophrenia, psychomotor slowing and stereotypy are poorly delineated from cognitive deficits like diminished processing speed. Inpatients' performance outcomes on a line-copying task, a task assessing stereotypy and a processing-speed task are compared. Results suggested that psychomotor slowing and stereotypy are related and may represent a catatonic(More)
There are several indications that a given compound or a set of related compounds can bind in different modes to a specific binding site of a protein. This is especially evident from X-ray crystallographic structures of ligand-protein complexes. The availability of multiple binding modes of a ligand in a binding site may present an advantage in drug design(More)
The authors describe 40 years of antipsychotic drug research with Dr. Paul Janssen, which they have witnessed for a large part from first hand experience. The article describes the start of the Janssen Research and its early successes with antispasmodics and analgesics. The discovery of haloperidol followed from a serendipitous transition from analgesics to(More)
The nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors UC-781 and TMC120-R147681 (Dapivirine) effectively prevented human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in cocultures of monocyte-derived dendritic cells and T cells, representing primary targets in sexual transmission. Both drugs had a favorable therapeutic index. A 24-h treatment with 1,000 nM UC-781 or(More)
Many different phylogenetic clustering techniques are used currently. One approach is to first determine the topology with a common clustering method and then calculate the branch lengths of the tree. If the resulting tree is not optimal exchanging tree branches can make some local changes in the tree topology. The whole process can be iterated until a(More)
Unaligned amino acid sequences can be characterized by their composition of amino acid n-tuples (i.e. doublets, triplets, quadruplets, etc.). In this study we investigated the performance of two statistics, termed commonality and specificity, that are derived from n-tuple counts using a set of G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) sequences. The commonality of(More)
An in vitro model of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MO-DC) and CD4(+) T cells, representing the primary targets of sexual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission, was used to evaluate the antiviral and immune suppressive activity of new classes of nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, diaryltriazines (DATAs) and diarylpyrimidines(More)