Paul J. Kuipers

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Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a multisystem, contiguous gene disorder caused by an absence of paternally expressed genes within the 15q11.2-q13 region via one of the three main genetic mechanisms: deletion of the paternally inherited 15q11.2-q13 region, maternal uniparental disomy and imprinting defect. The deletion class is typically subdivided into Type(More)
The complement system is thought to be a major physiological mediator of injury in a number of diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The membrane attack complex (MAC) of complement has been detected in RA tissue, suggesting that the MAC may be relevant to the pathogenesis of the disease. Deposition of sublytic concentrations of the MAC has been(More)
N-Arylanthranilic acids, known generically as the fenamates, are nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that block the metabolism of arachidonic acid by the enzyme cyclooxygenase (CO). Substitution of the carboxylic acid functionality of several fenamates with acidic heterocycles provided dual inhibitors of CO and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) activities when(More)
Multiple molecular forms of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase have been characterized in various tissues and cells according to their substrate specificity, intracellular location, and calmodulin dependence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible involvement of different molecular forms of phosphodiesterase in regulating the respiratory(More)
A spectrophotometric assay using succinylated gelatin as substrate is described for measuring the catalytic activity of gelatinases. The assay is based on measurement of primary amines exposed as a result of hydrolysis of the substrate by gelatinases. Comparison of hydrolysis by matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 1, 2, 3, 7, 9 indicated that succinylated(More)
The allergic mediator release inhibitor Cl-949 [5-methoxy-3-(1-methylethoxy)-1-phenyl-N-1H-tetrazol-5-yl-1H -indole-2-carboxamide, L-arginine salt] was evaluated for its effects on human neutrophil functions. Cl-949 (100 microM) inhibited spontaneous migration and chemotaxis toward f-met-leu-phe (FMLP) by 49.1% and 45.8%, respectively. At the same(More)
Hypercholesterolemia may render atherosclerotic plaques prone to rupture. To test this hypothesis, catheters with matrix-covered balloons were implanted into the aorta of rabbits fed standard or 0. 5% cholesterol chow (n=70). In 1 month, fibrous plaques developed around the balloon. Time-dependent accumulation of cholesteryl esters and free cholesterol was(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder caused by loss of paternally expressed genes from the 15q11-q13 region generally due to a paternally-derived deletion of the 15q11-q13 region or maternal disomy 15 (UPD). Maternal disomy 15 is usually caused by maternal meiosis I non-disjunction associated with advanced maternal age and(More)
The cell activation inhibitor CI-959 [5-methoxy-3-(1-methylethoxy)-N-1H-tetrazol-5-ylbenzo[ b]thiophene-2- carboxamide, monosodium salt] was evaluated for its effects on human neutrophil functions. CI-959 inhibited spontaneous migration and chemotaxis toward N-formyl-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLP) with 50% inhibition (IC50) values of 3.6 and 3.1(More)