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Following its benchmark discovery, nitric oxide (NO) is now known to play important functional roles in a variety of physiological systems. Within the vasculature, NO induces vasodilation, inhibits platelet aggregation, prevents neutrophil/platelet adhesion to endothelial cells, inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, regulates programmed(More)
The potential risk of transmitting chromosomally abnormal spermatozoa from infertile males into oocytes through intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has prompted us to investigate the male pronuclei of tripronuclear zygotes (3PN) obtained after ICSI. To specify the type of anomalies, we used triple colour fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) with(More)
Ovarian dysfunction as well as impaired release of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. Estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women has a cardioprotective effect. Hence, using follicular development (FD) phase of the menstrual cycle of normal women (n = 7)(More)
PURPOSE Fertilization of an egg by injection of a single spermatozoon into the cytoplasm has been shown to be an effective procedure to obtain a pregnancy in human in vitro fertilization. This, as one of the most invasive micromanipulation techniques, has generated concern about inducing embryo abnormalities. The objective of this study was to obtain(More)
Postmenopausal women (PMW) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease that is attenuated by hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Inasmuch as hypertension and atherosclerosis are associated with diminished endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO), we investigated whether HRT augments NO release in PMW. We determined serum levels of nitrite/nitrate (NO2 +(More)
Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is an essential factor for embryo implantation. Factors generated by the oviduct cells (epithelial cells and fibroblasts) create the microenvironment for fertilization and first embryo stage development. Hence, it is feasible that the oviduct cells also synthesize LIF to promote and condition the embryo for implantation in(More)
Several studies have shown that high concentrations of luteinizing hormone (LH) in the follicular phase of stimulation can have a negative effect on oocyte quality, pregnancy rate and incidence of miscarriage. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of highly purified follicle stimulating/hormone (FSH HP) on ovarian stimulation and(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is responsible for the biological production of nitric oxide (NO) in several organs. NOS activity has also been localized in the reproductive tract, although direct evidence for its presence in the human or bovine oviduct is still lacking. In the present study, four different techniques were used to identify the presence of NOS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of cryopreservation on the survival, cleavage, and morphology of embryos and on the implantation and embryonic loss rates of human zygotes obtained after ICSI compared with frozen-thawed zygotes obtained after traditional IVF. A further objective was to evaluate the same parameters in nonfrozen sibling ICSI and IVF zygotes(More)
Implementation of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in human in-vitro fertilization (IVF) has highlighted the need for information about the risk of nuclear spindle damage caused by this procedure. For this purpose we studied the final products of oocyte meiosis at the first cleavage division of multipronuclear zygotes arising after ICSI, and compared(More)