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Following its benchmark discovery, nitric oxide (NO) is now known to play important functional roles in a variety of physiological systems. Within the vasculature, NO induces vasodilation, inhibits platelet aggregation, prevents neutrophil/platelet adhesion to endothelial cells, inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, regulates programmed(More)
The potential risk of transmitting chromosomally abnormal spermatozoa from infertile males into oocytes through intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has prompted us to investigate the male pronuclei of tripronuclear zygotes (3PN) obtained after ICSI. To specify the type of anomalies, we used triple colour fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) with(More)
Ovarian dysfunction as well as impaired release of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. Estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women has a cardioprotective effect. Hence, using follicular development (FD) phase of the menstrual cycle of normal women (n = 7)(More)
The biology and physiology of the male as well as female reproductive system is hormonally regulated. Abnormalities in the dynamics of hormone production, metabolism and elimination, as well as their binding to certain target tissues, has been associated with pathophysiological conditions of the reproductive system. Although oestrogens are known to be one(More)
PURPOSE Fertilization of an egg by injection of a single spermatozoon into the cytoplasm has been shown to be an effective procedure to obtain a pregnancy in human in vitro fertilization. This, as one of the most invasive micromanipulation techniques, has generated concern about inducing embryo abnormalities. The objective of this study was to obtain(More)
Postmenopausal women (PMW) have increased incidence of cardiovascular disease, and estrogen substitution therapy has been shown to have cardioprotective effects. Since abnormal growth of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) is associated with hypertension and myocardial infarction and estrogen inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) growth, it is feasible that(More)
Postmenopausal women (PMW) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease that is attenuated by hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Inasmuch as hypertension and atherosclerosis are associated with diminished endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO), we investigated whether HRT augments NO release in PMW. We determined serum levels of nitrite/nitrate (NO2 +(More)
Ninety-one human oocytes, lacking signs of fertilization 50 h after insemination in vitro, were investigated cytogenetically to assess the frequency and type of chromosomal abnormalities. Chromosome spreading permitted adequate karyotyping in 55 oocytes. Non-determined numerical aberrations occurred with the following frequencies: hypohaploidy, 10.9%(More)
BACKGROUND Catamenial pneumothorax is a rare entity of spontaneous, recurring pneumothorax in women. It has been associated with thoracic endometriosis, yet varying clinical courses and the lack of consistent intraoperative findings have led to conflicting etiologic theories. METHODS We discuss etiology, clinical course, and surgical treatment of 3 women(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is responsible for the biological production of nitric oxide (NO) in several organs. NOS activity has also been localized in the reproductive tract, although direct evidence for its presence in the human or bovine oviduct is still lacking. In the present study, four different techniques were used to identify the presence of NOS(More)