Paul J. Hofer

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1. Caffeine (10 mM)-induced relaxation of guinea-pig isolated trachealis was attenuated and converted to a small spasmogenic response on cooling to 22 degrees C. The relaxant response was restored on rewarming to 37 degrees C and was abolished by indomethacin (2.8 microM). Cooling to 22 degrees C in the presence of indomethacin revealed spasmogenic(More)
There were enormous differences in the revenues from the European “third generation” (3G, or “UMTS”) mobile-phone license auctions, from 20 Euros per capita in Switzerland to 650 Euros per capita in the U.K., though the values of the licences sold were similar. Poor auction designs in some countries facilitated collusion between firms and failed to attract(More)
The Federal Sentencing Guidelines were promulgated in response to concerns of widespread disparities in sentencing. After almost two decades of determinate sentencing, the Guidelines were rendered advisory in United States v. Booker. How has greater judicial discretion affected interjudge disparities, or differences in sentencing outcomes that are(More)
An overview on the long-term information exchange and co-operation between Austria and the Czech Republic in the field of radiation emergency preparedness and evaluation of radiological consequences of NPP accidents is provided. Initiated by the 'Melk Protocol' between the Czech and Austrian governments in December 2000 and its follow-up activities, the(More)
Emergency preparedness is generally covered by methodical and coordinative activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Member States of the IAEA and by the European Commission (EC) in EU Member and EU Accession Countries. However, the regional harmonisation of emergency arrangements is an important trend of emergency preparedness. The(More)
There were enormous differences in the revenues from the European ‘‘third generation’’ (‘‘3G’’, or ‘‘UMTS’’) mobile-phone license auctions, from 20 euros per capita in Switzerland to 650 euros per capita in the United Kingdom, though the values of the licenses sold were similar. Poor auction designs in some countries facilitated collusion between firms and(More)
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