Paul J Herde

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A number of bioaccessibility methodologies have the potential to act as surrogate measures of arsenic (As) relative bioavailability (RBA), however, validation of the in vivo-in vitro relationship is yet to be established. Validation is important for human health risk assessment in order to ensure robust models for predicting As RBA for refining exposure via(More)
Conducted during the Australian summer, this experiment evaluated the reproductive performance of sows receiving a diet supplemented with betaine, a potent organic osmolyte and methyl donor. Large White/Landrace/Duroc sows (n=450) ranging in parity from 1 to 7 (parity 2.9 ± 0.10, mean ± SEM), and mated between the 11th of January and 11th February were(More)
The sucrose breath test (SBT) is a simple noninvasive technique used currently to determine intestinal absorptive function in humans and rodents. However, to date, the test has not been adapted for use in swine. During weaning, intestinal sucrase activity in piglets temporarily declines in response to stressors and is commonly used as a marker of the(More)
Inclusion of high levels of the high-fibre ingredient sugar-beet pulp in pre-mating diets has been shown to increase gonadotrophin concentrations and improve oocyte quality in nulliparous pigs (gilts). This study evaluated the effects of two alternative fibre sources on reproductive performance in gilts. Gilts received one of three diets from 3 weeks before(More)
In this study, the bioavailability of DDTr (sum of DDT, DDD and DDE isomers) in pesticide-contaminated soil was assessed using an in vivo mouse model. DDTr relative bioavailability (RBA) ranged from 18.7±0.9 (As35) to 60.8±7.8% (As36) indicating that a significant portion of soil-bound DDTr was not available for absorption following ingestion. When DDTr(More)
This study evaluated the effect of split weaning and fence-line boar exposure during lactation on the incidence of lactation oestrus. Large White and Large White × Landrace sows (parity 2.9 ± 0.17; mean ± SEM) were housed in conventional farrowing crates from day -4 to 30 post-parturition. Four treatments (n = 18) were used: control (SPW0): continuous(More)
In this study, previously established arsenic (As) in vivo-in vitro correlations (IVIVC) were assessed for their validity using an independent data set comprising As relative bioavailability (RBA) and bioaccessibility values for 13 herbicide- and mine-impacted soils. The validation process established the correlation between As RBA (swine model) and(More)
Understanding the ecology of the gastrointestinal tract and the impact of the contents on the host mucosa is emerging as an important area for defining both wellness and susceptibility to disease. Targeted delivery of drugs to treat specific small intestinal disorders such as small bowel bacterial overgrowth and targeting molecules to interrogate or to(More)
In this study, the influence of sample matrix on the relative bioavailability of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) was assessed following exposure of C57BL/6 mice to spiked aged (12years) soils. AIN93G mouse chow was amended with individual and tertiary As, Cd and Pb soil combinations which were administered to mice over a 9day exposure period.(More)