Paul J. Emmerson

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We have recently demonstrated that inherited defects of the base excision repair gene MYH predispose to multiple colorectal adenomas and carcinoma. Three affected siblings from a single British family were identified as Y165C/G382D compound heterozygotes and both missense mutations were shown to be functionally compromised. Here, we report the(More)
Treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has for many years relied on psychostimulants, particularly various formulations of amphetamines and methylphenidate. These are central nervous system stimulants and are scheduled because of their abuse potential. Atomoxetine (atomoxetine hydrochloride; Strattera®) was approved in 2002 for(More)
Extensive structure-activity relationship studies utilizing a beta-MSH-derived cyclic nonapeptide, Ac-Tyr-Arg-[Cys-Glu-His-D-Phe-Arg-Trp-Cys]-NH(2) (3), led to identification of a series of novel MC-4R selective disulfide-constrained hexapeptide analogs including Ac-[hCys-His-D-Phe-Arg-Trp-Cys]-NH(2) (12). The structural modifications associated with(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) affects hepatic integration of carbohydrate and fat metabolism in Siberian hamsters, a natural model of adiposity. Twelve aged matched adult male Siberian hamsters maintained in their long-day fat state since birth were randomly assigned to one of two(More)
Analogues of 3,4-dimethyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidines are high affinity inverse agonists for micro-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors. To characterize inverse agonist binding, we synthesized a high specific activity radioligand from this series, [3H]LY515300(More)
This article is part of a Special Issue "Energy Balance". FGF21 is an endocrine member of the fibroblast growth factor superfamily that has been shown to play an important role in the physiological response to nutrient deprivation. Food restriction enhances hepatic FGF21 production, which serves to engage an integrated response to energy deficit.(More)
The melanocortin receptors have been implicated as potential targets for a number of important therapeutic indications, including inflammation, sexual dysfunction, and obesity. We identified compound 1, an arylpiperazine attached to the dipeptide H-d-Tic-d-p-Cl-Phe-OH, as a novel melanocortin subtype-4 receptor (MC4R) agonist through iterative directed(More)
A series of novel, disulfide-constrained human beta-melanocyte stimulating hormone (beta-MSH)-derived peptides were optimized for in vitro melanocortin-4 receptor (MC-4R) binding affinity, agonist efficacy, and selectivity. The most promising of these, analogue 18, was further studied in vivo using chronic rat food intake and body weight models.
Somatic mosaicism is a frequent phenomenon in mendelian disorders that exhibit a high proportion of new mutations; however, mutant alleles present at low frequency are difficult to detect and characterize. We have previously shown that denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) can detect TSC1 and TSC2 mutations in tuberous sclerosis patients(More)
Hypothalamic tanycytes are considered to function as sensors of peripheral metabolism. To facilitate this role, they express a wide range of receptors, including fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1). Using a monoclonal antibody (IMC-H7) that selectively antagonizes the FGFR1c isoform, we investigated possible actions of FGFR1c in a natural animal(More)