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1. We have examined rapid postural adjustments associated with a class of voluntary movements that disturb postural equilibrium. In the text that follows, these motor activities are termed associated postural adjustments and voluntary focal movements, respectively. Standing human subjects performed a variety of movement tasks on a hand-held manipulandum,(More)
1. Recent studies have shown that the CNS uses proprioceptive information to coordinate multijoint movement sequences; proprioceptive input related to the kinematics of one joint rotation in a movement sequence can be used to trigger a subsequent joint rotation. In this paper we adopt a broad definition of "proprioception," which includes all somatosensory(More)
STUDY DESIGN A two-group experimental design with repeated measures on one factor was used. OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of paraspinal muscle spindles in lumbosacral position sense in individuals with and without low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Proprioceptive deficits have been identified in patients with low back pain. The underlying(More)
The representation of joint position at rest and during movement was investigated in 44 muscle spindle primary afferents originating from the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRb) and extensor digitorum (ED) of normal human subjects. Position sensitivity was estimated for each afferent, and 43 of 44 were position sensitive. In each trial, six sequential(More)
A cardinal feature of Parkinson's disease (PD) is muscle hypertonicity, i.e. rigidity. Little is known about the axial tone in PD or the relation of hypertonia to functional impairment. We quantified axial rigidity to assess its relation to motor symptoms as measured by UPDRS and determine whether rigidity is affected by levodopa treatment. Axial rigidity(More)
1. Previous studies have used tendon vibration to investigate kinesthetic illusions in the isometric limb and end point control in the moving limb. These previous studies have shown that vibration distorts the perceptions of static joint angle and movement and causes systematic errors in the end point of movement. In this paper we describe the effects of(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether postural instability observed in persons with spinal pain and in elderly persons is due to changes in proprioception and postural control strategy. The upright posture of 20 young and 20 elderly persons, with and without spinal pain, was challenged by vibrating ankle muscles (i.e. tibialis anterior, triceps(More)
The present study addressed whether dynamic position sense at the ankle--or sense of position and velocity during movement--shows a similar decline as a result of aging as previously described for static position sense and movement detection threshold. Additionally, the involvement of muscle spindle afferents in the possible age-related decline was studied.(More)
Across the entire human body, postural tone might play its most critical role in the body's axis because the axis joins the four limbs and head into a single functioning unit during complex motor tasks as well as in static postures. Although postural tone is commonly viewed as low-level, tonic motor activity, we hypothesized that postural tone is both(More)