Paul J. Bobrowski

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The purpose of this investigation was to establish an animal model by which latent herpetic disease could be mechanically reactivated, yielding an adequate number of recurrent clinical lesions in the guinea pig. To determine strain virulence, hairless guinea pigs were inoculated with three different strains of herpes simplex virus (HSV) using a(More)
Acylcarnitines are important diagnostic markers for inborn errors of fatty acid oxidation, but their analysis in body fluids may not always be reliable. Recently, disease-specific acylcarnitine profiles generated by cultured skin fibroblasts were reported to facilitate the diagnosis by localizing a specific enzymatic defect in the mitochondrial β-oxidation(More)
The clinical significance of nutritional carnitine deficiency remains controversial. To investigate this condition under controlled conditions, an animal model was developed using the parenterally alimented, carnitine-deprived newborn piglet. Forty-five piglets received total parenteral nutrition for 2-3 wk that was either carnitine-free or supplemented(More)
Sepsis and endotoxemia are important stressors for the neonate. Newborn infants receiving total parenteral nutrition are routinely deprived of carnitine. To investigate whether carnitine deprivation affects the neonate's ability to respond to endotoxin, 19 newborn piglets received parenteral nutrition for 2-3 weeks that was either carnitine free (CARN-) or(More)
A method for the quantitation of short- and medium-chain acylcarnitines in plasma and its clinical application are described. The method is based on enzymatic exchange of L-[3H]carnitine into the acylcarnitine pool, subsequent separation of labeled acylcarnitines by high-performance liquid chromatography, and quantitation of the radioactivity by a beta(More)
Sepsis and hypoxia are important stressors for the neonate. Newborn infants receiving total parenteral nutrition are routinely deprived of carnitine and develop low carnitine plasma and tissue levels. Because of its high metabolic rate and dependence on fatty acids for energy, the newborn heart may be particularly vulnerable to stress in the face of an(More)
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