Paul J. Bloch

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Dopaminergic brain systems have been documented to have a major role in drug reward, thus making genes involved in these circuits plausible candidates for susceptibility to substance use disorders. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is involved in the degradation of catecholamines and a functional polymorphism (Val158Met) has been suggested to(More)
Genetic research on cocaine dependence (CD) may help clarify our understanding of the disorder as well as provide novel insights for effective treatment. Since dopamine neurotransmission has been shown to be involved in drug reward, related genes are plausible candidates for susceptibility to CD. The dopamine receptor D(2) (DRD2) protein and dopamine(More)
Genetic research on cocaine dependence (CD) may help clarify our understanding of the disorder as well as provide insights for effective treatment. As endocannabinoid signaling and dopamine neurotransmission have been shown to be involved in drug reward, genes related to these systems are plausible candidates for susceptibility to CD. The cannabinoid(More)
Linkage studies have suggested a susceptibility locus for schizophrenia (SZ) exists on chromosome 8p21-22. The vesicular monoamine transporter 1 gene (VMAT1), also known as SLC18A1, maps to this SZ susceptibility locus. Vesicular monoamine transporters are involved in the presynaptic vesicular packaging of monoamine neurotransmitters, which have been(More)
Cocaine-induced neuroplasticity changes in the mesocorticolimbic dopamine systems are thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of cocaine dependence. Since neurotrophic factors have been observed to prevent/reverse and mimic cocaine-induced neurobiological changes in the brain, related genes are plausible candidates for susceptibility to cocaine(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantitate the risk of clinically significant renal function deterioration after radical cystectomy (RC), which could result in supratherapeutic levels of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and increased risk of bleeding events with the use of extended pharmacologic venous thromboembolism prophylaxis (EPVTEP) after hospital discharge. (More)
Linkage studies in bipolar disorder (BPD) suggest that a susceptibility locus exists on chromosome 18p11. The vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein A (VAPA) gene maps to this region. VAPA interacts with presynaptic proteins and is necessary for vesicular neurotransmission. Dysregulation of synaptic neurotransmission might contribute to the(More)
Departments of Psychiatry, Psychiatric Pharmacogenetics Laboratory, Psychiatry, Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Psychiatry, Mood and Anxiety Disorders Section, School of Medicine and Department of Psychology, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Correspondence to Falk W. Lohoff, MD, University(More)