Paul J. Bauer

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Odorants activate sensory transduction in olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) via a cAMP-signaling cascade, which results in the opening of nonselective, cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels. The consequent Ca2+ influx through CNG channels activates Cl channels, which serve to amplify the transduction signal. We investigate here some general properties of(More)
Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels play a central role in the conversion of sensory stimuli into electrical signals. CNG channels form heterooligomeric complexes built of A and B subunits. Here, we study the subunit stoichiometry of the native rod CNG channel by chemical crosslinking. The apparent molecular weight (M(w)) of each crosslink product was(More)
1. Ca(2+)-loaded vesicles of bovine rod outer segment (ROS) membranes were used to examine the influence of Ca(2+)-calmodulin (Ca(2+)-CaM) on the activity of cGMP-gated channels. 2. In vesicles prepared from ROS membranes which were washed at zero free Ca2+, Ca(2+)-CaM reduced the Ca2+ flux to maximally 40%. The dose-response curve for activation of the(More)
The intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in rod outer segments of vertebrate photoreceptors is controlled by Ca(2+) influx through cGMP-gated channels and by Ca(2+) efflux driven by Na/Ca-K exchangers. Previously, we suggested that channel and exchanger are associated (Bauer, P. J., and Drechsler, M. (1992) J. Physiol. (Lond. ) 451, 109-131). This suggestion(More)
ABSTRACT Strains of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus, causal agent of bacterial ring rot of potato, showed marked differences in virulence on host plants. When infiltrated into tobacco leaves, virulent strains caused a rapid localized necrotic response (within 24 to 48 h) characteristic of the hypersensitive response (HR), whereas nonpathogenic(More)
1. Cyclic GMP-induced and Na+-induced Ca2+ releases from Ca2+-containing photoreceptor membrane vesicles were investigated using the Ca2+-sensitive dye Arsenazo III. Bovine photoreceptor membrane vesicles were prepared by osmotic lysis and hypotonic wash of purified rod outer segments. 2. Calcium was entrapped into these vesicles either by utilizing their(More)
Proper control of intracellular free Ca(2+) is thought to involve subsets of proteins that co-localize to mediate coordinated Ca(2+) entry and Ca(2+) extrusion. The outer segments of vertebrate rod and cone photoreceptors present one example: Ca(2+) influx is exclusively mediated via cGMP-gated channels (CNG), whereas the Na(+)/Ca(2+)-K(+) exchanger (NCKX)(More)
The oligomeric state of the Na/Ca-K exchanger in the plasma membrane of bovine photoreceptors was investigated using chemical cross-linking techniques. In the natural membrane, virtually all Na/Ca-K exchanger could be cross-linked mainly to a complex having an apparent molecular mass of 490 kDa by cupric phenanthroline catalyzed disulfide bonding as(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether children who received early, simultaneous, bilateral cochlear implants showed more rapid development of the central auditory pathways compared to children who received early, sequential, bilateral implants. In 20 children, over the first 15 months following bilateral implantation, we assessed longitudinal(More)
The number of atrial angiotensin II binding sites is reduced in end-stage human heart failure. The goals of our study were the development of a quantitative polymerase chain reaction for angiotensin II receptor type 1 mRNA to determine the angiotensin receptor typel (AT1) mRNA content in the atria of patients with end-stage heart failure. We established a(More)