Paul J. Austin

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A method has been developed for detecting tannin-binding proteins in the saliva of herbivores. The method is simple and requires only small quantities of crude saliva. The saliva of deer, a browsing ruminant, has been compared to that of domestic sheep and cow, which are grazing ruminants. The browser, which normally ingests dietary tannin, produces(More)
In a large proportion of individuals nervous system damage may lead to a debilitating chronic neuropathic pain. Such pain may now be considered a neuro-immune disorder, since recent data indicate a critical involvement of innate and adaptive immune responses following nerve injury. Activation of immune and immune-like glial cells in the injured nerve,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Increased firing of the glutamatergic pathway between the subthalamic nucleus and substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNpr) contributes to the abnormal firing of motor circuits and subsequent motor deficits seen in Parkinson's disease. Broad spectrum agonist-induced activation of presynaptic group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)(More)
Neuropathic pain conditions for which treatment is sought are characterized by complex behavioural disturbances, as well as "pain." Recent studies using chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve have shown that rats develop three distinct patterns of disability characterized by changes in social-interactions and sleep-wake cycle behaviours(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Increased glutamatergic innervation of the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNpr) and pars compacta (SNpc) may contribute to the motor deficits and neurodegeneration, respectively, in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to establish whether activation of pre-synaptic group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors reduced(More)
Following unilateral chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve, histochemical and gene expression changes were examined in the rat nucleus accumbens (NAcc), a region critical to affective-motivational regulation. Rats were categorised as having Pain alone (45%) or Pain and Disability (30%), on the basis of either unaltered or decreased(More)
Neuroimmune crosstalk in neuropathic pain is a key contributor to pain hypersensitivity following nervous system injury. CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are endogenous immune suppressors, reducing T-cell proliferation and proinflammatory cytokine production. Currently, the role of Tregs in neuropathic pain is unknown. In this study, we tested the(More)
Complex behavioural disabilities, as well as pain, characterise neuropathic pain conditions for which clinical treatment is sought. In rats, chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve evokes, allodynia and hyperalgesia as well as three distinct patterns of disability, characterised by changes in social and sleep-wake behaviours: (i) Pain &(More)
Chronic neuropathic pain is a neuro-immune disorder, characterised by allodynia, hyperalgesia and spontaneous pain, as well as debilitating affective-motivational disturbances (e.g., reduced social interactions, sleep-wake cycle disruption, anhedonia, and depression). The role of the immune system in altered sensation following nerve injury is well(More)
Chronic neuropathic pain, resulting from damage to the central or peripheral nervous system, is a prevalent and debilitating condition, affecting 7-18% of the population(1,2). Symptoms include spontaneous (tingling, burning, electric-shock like) pain, dysaesthesia, paraesthesia, allodynia (pain resulting from normally non-painful stimuli) and hyperalgesia(More)