Paul I Musey

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We compared daily urinary concentrations of oestrogen and progesterone metabolites in paired menstrual cycles (conception and non-conception) from 32 women. Volunteers with no known fertility problems were enrolled in the study at the time they began trying to become pregnant. They collected first-morning urine specimens and kept daily records of menstrual(More)
We have developed a method of estimating day of ovulation using urinary ovarian hormone data. The method identifies a day of luteal transition that occurs at the shift from production of follicular oestrogen to luteal progesterone. The algorithm for identifying this shift was evaluated and judged better than specified alternatives in that it resulted in (1)(More)
Longitudinal epidemiologic studies of menstrual and reproductive function are more informative if one can identify day of ovulation. We previously developed a method for estimating day of ovulation that is feasible for epidemiologic studies. The method relies on the relative concentrations of estrogen and progesterone metabolites in daily first-morning(More)
It was recently observed that the urinary excretion of animal lignans is low in postmenopausal breast cancer patients compared to normal omnivorous and vegetarian women. In addition, the mean excretion of the isoflavonic phytoestrogen equol tended to be lower. Because nonhuman primates appear to be remarkably resistant to the carcinogenic effect of(More)
Measurement of height (crown-rump length), body weight, and abdominal subcutaneous fat depth, based on skinfold thickness taken from 13 female rhesus monkeys comprising two age groups were correlated with body fat values derived from tritiated water determinations of total body water. The manner with which each measure was related to percent body fat(More)
Estrone sulfate, quantitatively the most important estrogen in plasma, has previously been determined only after hydrolysis and chromatography. An antiserum raised against estrone glucosiduronate-bovine thyroglobulin was found to be suitable for the specific RIA of estrone sulfate both in plasma and urine. Plasma levels were measured after solvent(More)
Loss of a conceptus early in development can be detected by very sensitive assays specific for hCG. We examined 20 menstrual cycles ending in early loss of a conceptus in order to identify hormonal correlates of loss. Each loss cycle was compared to a successful conception cycle in the same woman, using daily concentration of urinary estrone-3-glucuronide(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the mechanisms by which physical activity affects the menstrual cycle. Women with high, medium, and low levels of physical activity were compared for menstrual function, physical characteristics, and urinary and serum levels of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, prolactin, estradiol-17 beta, and(More)
An early first pregnancy is known to protect against subsequent breast cancer. We speculated that this effect may be mediated by a long-term depression of prolactin secretion after pregnancy. We therefore measured basal and post-stimulation serum levels of prolactin, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in two groups--15 women 18(More)
The effect of a high fat, low carbohydrate, low protein diet on the in vivo oxidation of 17 beta-estradiol was studied using radiometric methods. Five male chimpanzees were fed a normal (13%) fat diet or a high (65%) fat diet for 8 weeks. After a 4-week rest period, the animals were fed the alternative diet. The mean percent oxidation of 16(More)