Paul Holownia

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The role of the solution environment for a light-scattering, latex-particle-enhanced, homogeneous immunoassay of C-reactive protein (CRP) has been investigated in order to assess and optimize the immunoagglutination response. Latex particles of 50-170-nm sizes were covalently coupled with an IgG polyclonal antibody and subjected to an extensive optimization(More)
We have investigated the adrenal response, in eight healthy adult men, to low doses of ACTH(1-24) in order to define a dose which will elicit a response similar to that obtained with the short Synacthen test. The studies were performed at 14.00 h and blood samples were withdrawn at 5-min intervals after an i.v. bolus injection of ACTH(1-24). The sampling(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous endocrine studies of women with acne have produced diverse results. This study was designed to seek evidence, from endocrine and genetic studies, for impaired steroid biosynthesis in patients with acne. DESIGN Adrenal stimulation tests with synthetic adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) were performed. MEASUREMENTS Steroid hormones(More)
The influence of a variety and combination of both ionic surfactants and different chain lengths of the polyelectrolyte poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) on the performance characteristics (with particular reference to signal response) of a homogeneous, latex agglutination immunoassay was investigated. The test analyte was human serum C-reactive protein (CRP),(More)
The apparent instability of measured osteocalcin has been reported as method-dependent and related to preanalytical variables such as storage temperature, and the use of anticoagulants and protease inhibitors. The aim of this study was to determine a sample collection procedure which minimised osteocalcin degradation. Blood samples from five normal(More)
Twenty-one nulliparous oligomenorrheic women with polycystic ovaries, complaining of infertility (mean duration 6 years) refractory to medical treatment, underwent laparoscopic ovarian diathermy. Eleven had adhesions and/or endometriosis. Regular ovulatory cycles ensued in 17 women (81%). In 9 responders there was a transient rise in mean(More)
The measurement of urine albumin now has a well-established role in the monitoring of patients with diabetes mellitus. We have developed a particle-enhanced immunoturbidimetric inhibition assay for urine albumin on the Dade aca analyzer. The inhibition approach removes any of the potential antigen excess difficulties that could be expected from the wide(More)
A technique to efficiently separate plasma from human whole blood is described. Essentially, 3-mL samples are held on the axis of a tubular transducer and exposed for 5.7 min to an ultrasonic standing wave. The cells concentrate into clumps at radial separations of half wavelength. The clumps grow in size and sediment under gravity. A distinct plasma/cell(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS In the fetal circulation, there is a low cortisol:cortisone (F:E) ratio ( approximately 0.3) suggesting high activity of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11betaHSD2). The circulating F:E ratio rises after birth in term infants, but little is known about infants born prematurely. Our hypothesis was that the low fetal plasma(More)
We describe the treatment of 3 boys, mean age 14.9 years (range 13.8-16.1 years) with constitutional delay of growth and puberty using oxandrolone in two dose regimens, 2.5 or 1.25 mg/day for 3 months. Treatment induced an increase in mean height velocity from 5.1 to 8.5 cm/year; this was sustained at 8.8 cm/year in the period following treatment. Growth(More)