Paul-Henri Cugnenc

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The role of the adaptive immune response in controlling the growth and recurrence of human tumors has been controversial. We characterized the tumor-infiltrating immune cells in large cohorts of human colorectal cancers by gene expression profiling and in situ immunohistochemical staining. Collectively, the immunological data (the type, density, and(More)
BACKGROUND The role of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in the early metastatic invasion of colorectal cancer is unknown. METHODS We studied pathological signs of early metastatic invasion (venous emboli and lymphatic and perineural invasion) in 959 specimens of resected colorectal cancer. The local immune response within the tumor was studied by flow(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanism of intraepithelial lymphocyte hyperplasia, a hallmark of celiac disease, is unknown. We have investigated the role of epithelium-derived interleukin (IL)-15 in the alterations of epithelial homeostasis in refractory celiac sprue, a privileged situation to study the first step of lymphoid transformation and the contribution of(More)
Tumor cells are characterized by specific genetic alterations. When such genetic alterations are identified in body fluid including plasma, regardless of the presence of detectable tumor cells, it shows the existence of free-circulating tumor-associated DNA. The objective of our study was to assess the prognostic value of free-circulating tumor-associated(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate early and late morbidity of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding for morbid obesity and to assess the efficacy of this procedure by analyzing its results. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is considered the least invasive surgical option for morbid obesity. It is effective, with an average loss of 50%(More)
BACKGROUND The Hedgehog (Hh) gene family is known to regulate development of stem cells. In addition, activation is responsible for the induction of GLI1 proto-oncogene and subsequent cellular proliferation. Sonic Hedgehog (SHh), one of the Hh family members promotes carcinogenesis in airway and pancreatic epithelia, is expressed in colonic stem cells. As(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is considered the least invasive surgical option for morbid obesity. It is less efficient than gastric bypass in weight loss, but has the advantage of being potentially reversible and can improve the quality of life if mortality and morbidity are low. METHODS Between 1996 and 2003, 1,000 patients(More)
Arterial vascularization of the gastrointestinal tract is a three-level system composed of the coeliac trunk, and both superior and inferior mesenteric arteries. The three levels are joined together via arterial trunk anastomoses such as the so-called and well-known Riolan arcade or supramarginal arcade. The aim of this study was to review the embryology of(More)
PURPOSE The target enzyme for 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is thymidylate synthase (TS). The TYMS gene encoding this enzyme is polymorphic, having either double (2R) or tri-tandem (3R) repeats of a 28-bp sequence in the promoter region and a 6-bp variation in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). TS expression predicts response to 5-FU-based chemotherapy, and the(More)
BACKGROUND Liver hanging maneuver (LHM) allows to hang the liver during right hepatectomies without primary liver mobilization. The avascular plane used in this technique has been poorly described in the anatomical literature, and intraoperative bleeding because of hepatic vein injuries has been reported. DATA SOURCES Major clinical and anatomic articles(More)