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PURPOSE Prosthetic graft infection after aortic aneurysm surgery is a life-threatening complication. Treatment options include total graft excision and extra-anatomic bypass grafting or in situ replacement of the graft. The latter option is gaining increasing popularity, but the long-term outcome remains uncertain, particularly in light of the increasing(More)
PURPOSE To report a randomized clinical trial designed to determine if remote ischemic preconditioning (IP) has the ability to reduce renal and cardiac damage following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS Forty patients (all men; mean age 76+/-7 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms averaging 6.3+/-0.8 cm in diameter were enrolled in the trial(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose (10 mg) and high-dose (80 mg) atorvastatin on carotid plaque inflammation as determined by ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-enhanced carotid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The hypothesis was that treatment with 80 mg atorvastatin would demonstrate quantifiable changes(More)
INTRODUCTION Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) has become the 'gold-standard' imaging modality for surveillance following EVAR. However repeated CT causes cumulative contrast related renal injury. Duplex ultrasound (USS) and contrast-enhanced (non-nephrotoxic) duplex scanning (CEUS) are less invasive but considered less accurate than CT. The aim of(More)
BACKGROUND Aneurysm expansion rate is an important indicator of the potential risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. Stress within the AAA wall is also thought to be a trigger for its rupture. However, the association between aneurysm wall stresses and expansion of AAA is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-four patients with AAAs were included(More)
Arterial pCO2 is known to influence cerebral autoregulation but its effect on the dynamic relationship between mean arterial blood pressure (ABP) and mean cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV), obtained from spontaneous fluctuations in ABP, has not been established. In 16 normal subjects, ABP was measured non-invasively (Finapres), CBFV was estimated with(More)
OBJECTIVES Compare carotid plaque morphology of acute symptomatic, recently symptomatic and asymptomatic patients (groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively) with carotid artery disease using high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to identify high-risk plaque characteristics best associated with risk of recurrent thrombo-embolic events. METHODS 60(More)
Endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) using the Nellix system is a new and different method of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Normal postoperative imaging has unique appearances that change with time; complications also have different and specific appearances. This consensus document on the imaging findings after Nellix EVAS is based on the collective(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Overviews of randomized patch trials by the Cochrane Collaboration suggest that a policy of routine patching is preferable to routine primary closure. However, there is no systematic evidence that patch type, whether prosthetic or vein, influences outcome after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS Two hundred seventy-three patients(More)
PURPOSE A recent overview indicated that although routine patching is safer than routine primary closure after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), there is no systematic evidence that patch type influences outcome. However, most surgeons still believe that prosthetic patches are probably more thrombogenic than vein patches. This study tested the hypothesis that(More)