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The differences between chrysotile asbestos, a serpentine mineral, and amphibole asbestos have been debated extensively. Many studies have shown that chrysotile is cleared from the lung more rapidly than amphibole. In order to quantify the comparative clearance of chrysotile and the amphibole asbestos tremolite, both fibers were evaluated in an inhalation(More)
Chrysotile asbestos is often included with other asbestos materials in evaluation and classification. However, chrysotile is a serpentine with markedly different physical and chemical characteristics in comparison to amphiboles (e.g., crocidolite, amosite, tremolite). In contrast to amphiboles, which are solid, rodlike fibers, chrysotile is composed like a(More)
With the initial understanding of the relationship of asbestos to disease, little information was available on whether the two different groups of minerals that are called asbestos were of similar or different potency in causing disease. Asbestos was often described as a durable fiber that if inhaled would remain in the lung and cause disease. It has been(More)
We demonstrate that, in human bladder cancer, amplification of the E2F3 gene, located at 6p22, is associated with overexpression of its encoded mRNA transcripts and high levels of expression of E2F3 protein. Immunohistochemical analyses of E2F3 protein levels have established that around one-third (33/101) of primary transitional cell carcinomas of the(More)
Chrysotile asbestos, a serpentine mineral, has been shown to be notably different from amphibole asbestos such as amosite, crocidolite, and tremolite in that chrysotile once inhaled is rapidly removed from the lung while the amphiboles persist. This has been demonstrated for three different chrysotile samples from Canada, the United States, and Brazil. The(More)
Inhalation toxicology studies with chrysotile asbestos have in the past been performed at exceedingly high doses without consideration of fiber number or dimensions. As such, the exposures have exceeded lung overload levels, making quantitative assessment of these studies difficult if not impossible. To assess the cellular and pathological response in the(More)
Calidria chrysotile asbestos, which is a serpentine mineral, has been shown to be considerably less biopersistent than the durable amphibole mineral tremolite asbestos, which persists once deposited in the lung. The initial results of this inhalation biopersistence study in rats that demonstrates this difference were reported in Bernstein et al. (2003).(More)
It has been shown that the risk of breast cancer developing in certain morphologically identifiable benign breast lesions correlates with expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha). Although ER-alpha and ER-beta genes share a large degree of homology, it is generally thought that their distribution and functions are substantially different in many(More)
We show protein kinase C-zeta (PKC-ζ) to be a novel predictive biomarker for survival from prostate cancer (P < 0.001). We also confirm that transcription of the PRKC-ζ gene is crucial to the malignant phenotype of human prostate cancer. Following siRNA silencing of PRKC-ζ in PC3-M prostate cancer cells, stable transfectant cell line si-PRKC-ζ-PC3-M(T1-6)(More)
To test the hypothesis that expression of osteopontin (OPN), an integrin-binding glycoprotein, can independently predict the potential aggressiveness of prostate cancer, the status of OPN expression in benign and malignant prostate cancer cell lines and tissues was analysed by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Amongst the four prostate cell lines(More)