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Ezrin, radixin and moesin, collectively known as the ERM proteins, are a group of closely related membrane-cytoskeleton linkers that regulate cell adhesion and cortical morphogenesis. ERM proteins can self-associate through intra- and inter-molecular interactions, and these interactions mask several binding sites on the proteins. ERM activation involves(More)
Dynamic interactions between membrane and cytoskeleton components are crucial for T cell antigen recognition and subsequent cellular activation. We report here that the membrane-microfilament linker ezrin plays an important role in these processes. First, ezrin relocalizes to the contact area between T cells and stimulatory antigen-presenting cells (APCs),(More)
Purified human recombinant ezrin cosediments with large liposomes containing phosphatidylserine (PS). This interaction is optimal at low ionic strength. At physiological ionic strength (130 mM KCl) ezrin interacts strongly with liposomes containing > or = 5% phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), the residual being phosphatidylcholine (PC). When PIP2(More)
Ezrin, a member of a family of proteins involved in the interaction of the microfilament cytoskeleton with the plasma membrane, plays a role in membrane translocation in gastric parietal cells (Hanzel, D., Reggio, H., Bretscher, A., Forte, J. G. and Mangeat, P. (1991). EMBO J. 10, 2363-2373). Human ezrin was expressed in and purified from Escherichia coli.(More)
In cultured fibroblasts, microfilament bundles terminate at adhesion plaques (focal contacts), the specialized regions where the cells adhere most tightly to the underlying substrate. Vinculin is a protein concentrated in adhesion plaques and has been suggested as a possible link between the ends of the bundles of actin filaments and the plasma membrane. If(More)
Endocytosis of the Tf/TfR complex is essentially the only pathway active in maturing reticulocytes, while exosomes, formed by invagination of the endosomal membrane, provide a mechanism to eliminate seemingly obsolescent proteins, including the TfR, when their function is completed. In this study, we examined molecular trafficking in the recycling and(More)
Human recombinant ezrin, or truncated forms, were coated in microtiter plate and their capacity to bind actin determined. F-actin bound ezrin with a Kd of 504 +/- 230 nM and a molecular stoichiometry of 10.6 actin per ezrin. Ezrin bound both alpha- and beta/gamma-actin essentially as F-form. F-actin binding was totally prevented or drastically reduced when(More)
cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) anchoring proteins (AKAPs) are responsible for the subcellular sequestration of the type II A-kinase. Previously, we identified a 78 kDa AKAP which was enriched in gastric parietal cells. We have now purified the 78 kDa AKAP to homogeneity from gastric fundic mucosal supernates using type II A-kinase regulatory(More)
Stimulation of gastric acid secretion in parietal cells involves the translocation of the proton pump (H,K-ATPase) from cytoplasmic tubulovesicles to the apical membrane to form long, F-actin-containing, microvilli. Following secretion, the pump is endocytosed back into tubulovesicles. The parietal cell therefore offers a system for the study of regulated(More)