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Upon exposure to 2 degrees C day/night (D/N), leaves of Solanum commersonii (Sc) began acclimating on the 4th day from a -5 degrees C (killing temperature) hardy level to -12 degrees C by the 15th day. Leaves of S. tuberosum L. (St) cv ;Red Pontiac' typically failed to acclimate and were always killed at -3 degrees C. Leaves of control (20/15 degrees C,(More)
The effect of temperatures on cold acclimation and deacclimation in foliage tissues was studied in Solanum commersonii (Oka 4583), a tuber-bearing potato. The threshold temperature for cold acclimation was about 12 C. In a temperature range of 2 to 12 C, the increase in hardiness was dependent on the acclimating temperature; the lower the acclimating(More)
The expression patterns of plant defense genes encoding osmotin and osmotin-like proteins imply a dual function in osmotic stress and plant pathogen defense. We have produced transgenic potato (Solanum commersonii Dun.) plants constitutively expressing sense or antisense RNAs from chimeric gene constructs consisting of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S(More)
We have characterized three cDNAs encoding osmotin-like proteins from potato (Solanum commersonii) cell cultures. These cDNAs (pA13, pA35, and pA81) have extensive nucleotide identity in the coding regions but low homology in the 3′ non-coding sequences, and may encode three isoforms of potato pathogenesis-related (PR) type 5 proteins. Using gene-specific(More)
We have isolated a cDNA (pA13) of an ABA-responsive gene from suspension cultures of Solanum commersonii. The deduced amino acid sequence of pA13 cDNA revealed 89 and 91% identity with tobacco osmotin and tomato NP24 protein, respectively. The accumulation of the transcript corresponding to pA13 cDNA was regulated by ABA, cold temperature, and low water(More)
Proteins in Red Pontiac potato tubers were fractionated by two methods. Tuberin was the main protein (71%) obtained by Method I (though perhaps by this method up to 40% of the ‘tuberin’ was albumin), while albumin was about half of the total protein obtained by Method II. The amino acid composition of protein fractions obtained by either method was quite(More)
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The induction of chilling tolerance by abscisic acid (ABA) in maize (Zea mays L. cv Black Mexican Sweet) suspension cultured cells was examined. Cell viability during exposure to chilling was estimated by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride reduction immediately after chilling and a filter paper growth assay. Both methods yielded comparable results. Chilling(More)
Biochemical changes in potato leaves during cold acclimation have been examined and compared between a frost-tolerant S. acaule and a frost-susceptible S. tuberosum species. Changes were also examined in S. tuberosum, S. acaule, and S. commersonii species when they were hardened at different temperatures to varying hardiness levels.During three weeks of(More)
Environmental factors affect frost hardiness development in many plant species. Plants which are given long days and warm temperatures grow and fail to harden. Short days and warm temperatures stop growth and enhance hardiness. Low temperatures and sufficient light also increase hardiness, regardless of photoperiod. Solanum tuberosum possesses very little(More)