Paul H. Goldspink

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We have previously reported a transgenic mouse that over-expresses constitutively active PKCepsilon in the myocardium and exhibits a steady progression to heart failure. Associated with the decline in function was an increased phosphorylation of sarcomeric proteins including cardiac troponin I (cTnI). To determine whether PKCepsilon phosphorylation of cTnI(More)
We have altered the spontaneous contractile activity of neonatal cardiac myocytes in culture to investigate the re-lationship between mechanical forces, myofibril assembly, and the localization and translation of (alpha)-myosin heavy chain mRNA. Immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization techniques revealed that contracting myocytes display well aligned(More)
CSRP3 or muscle LIM protein (MLP) is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein and a mechanosensor in cardiac myocytes. MLP regulation and function was studied in cultured neonatal rat myocytes treated with pharmacological or mechanical stimuli. Either verapamil or BDM decreased nuclear MLP while phenylephrine and cyclic strain increased it. These results(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a major cause of heart failure (HF) with the progressive worsening of cardiac performance due to structural and functional alterations. Therefore, we studied cardiac function in adult mice following MI using the Millar pressure-volume (P-V) conductance catheter system in vivo during the later phase of compensatory remodeling(More)
Human studies reveal sex differences in myocardial function as well as in the incidence and manifestation of heart disease. Myocellular Ca(2+) cycling regulates normal contractile function; whereas cardiac dysfunction in heart failure has been associated with alterations in Ca(2+)-handling proteins. Beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) signaling regulates(More)
Myocardial physiology in the aftermath of myocardial infarction (MI) before remodeling is an under-explored area of investigation. Here, we describe the effects of MI on the cardiac sarcomere with focus on the possible contributions of reactive oxygen species. We surgically induced MI in 6–7-month-old female CD1 mice by ligation of the left anterior(More)
Regulation of cellular Ca(2+) cycling is central to myocardial contractile function. Loss of Ca(2+) regulation is associated with cardiac dysfunction and pathology. Estrogen has been shown to modify contractile function and to confer cardioprotection. Therefore, we investigated the effect of estrogen on expression of rat heart myocardial Ca(2+)-handling(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) isoforms are expressed via alternative splicing. Expression of the minor isoform IGF-1Eb [also known as mechano-growth factor (MGF)] is responsive to cell stress. Since IGF-1 isoforms differ in their E-domain regions, we are interested in determining the biological function of the MGF E-domain. To do so, a synthetic(More)
Recent awareness of cardiovascular diseases as a number one killer of the middle-aged women has prompted interest in sex differences leading to heart failure (HF). Therefore, we evaluated cardiac function in female and male mice following myocardial infarction (MI) using the Millar pressure-volume (P-V) conductance system in vivo, at time points(More)
Cardiac cells grow in response to a number of stimuli that activate intracellular signaling pathways. The cAMP-signaling pathway mediates the activation of gene transcription in other cell types by the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB-P). Our aim was to explore the physiological role of CREB-P in response to elevated cAMP in cardiac cells by(More)