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Myocardial physiology in the aftermath of myocardial infarction (MI) before remodeling is an under-explored area of investigation. Here, we describe the effects of MI on the cardiac sarcomere with focus on the possible contributions of reactive oxygen species. We surgically induced MI in 6–7-month-old female CD1 mice by ligation of the left anterior(More)
Cardiac cells grow in response to a number of stimuli that activate intracellular signaling pathways. The cAMP-signaling pathway mediates the activation of gene transcription in other cell types by the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB-P). Our aim was to explore the physiological role of CREB-P in response to elevated cAMP in cardiac cells by(More)
This study was performed to elucidate the relation between in vivo measurements of two-dimensional principal strains and the progression of left ventricle (LV) wall thinning during development of dilated cardiomyopathy in the protein kinase C-epsilon (PKC-epsilon) transgenic (TG) overexpressing mouse heart. Principal two-dimensional strains, E1 and E2, were(More)
Stem cell function is thought to be tightly regulated by growth factor concentration in the confines of the microenvironmental niche. Therefore, the response of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) was studied in culture with mechano-growth factor (MGF), an isoform of IGF-1 known to be expressed in the heart following injury. Chemotactic migration of hMSCs(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-1) is an important peptide synthesized in response to growth hormone stimulation. Alternative promoters and an elaborate alternative splicing regulated in a tissue-and developmentally-specific manner result in the production of several distinct isoforms of IGF-1 [reviewed in Gorecki et al. (2007); Matheny et al. (2010)].(More)
Hyperthyroid treatment produces rapid cardiac cell hypertrophy with all subcellular components increasing in an orderly manner. We compare normal and hyperthyroid tissue in order to relate changes in distribution of myosin mRNA during rapid assembly of myofibrils. At the light microscopic level, in situ hybridization of the ventricular cells shows myosin(More)
We report characterization of a transgenic mouse that overexpresses constitutively active protein kinase Cepsilon in the heart and slowly develops a dilated cardiomyopathy with failure. The hemodynamic, mechanical, and biochemical properties of these hearts demonstrate a series of temporal events that mark the progression of the disease. In the 3-month(More)
BACKGROUND Mechano-growth factor (MGF) is a splice-variant of IGF-I sharing an identical mature region, but with a different E domain. Our objective was to determine if MGF would reduce the area of 'at-risk' myocardium and improve cardiac function in the post-infarct heart. METHODS Infarcts were induced by injection of microspheres. In experiment 1, sheep(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a major cause of heart failure (HF) with the progressive worsening of cardiac performance due to structural and functional alterations. Therefore, we studied cardiac function in adult mice following MI using the Millar pressure-volume (P-V) conductance catheter system in vivo during the later phase of compensatory remodeling(More)
CSRP3 or muscle LIM protein (MLP) is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein and a mechanosensor in cardiac myocytes. MLP regulation and function was studied in cultured neonatal rat myocytes treated with pharmacological or mechanical stimuli. Either verapamil or BDM decreased nuclear MLP while phenylephrine and cyclic strain increased it. These results(More)