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Eighteen types of media, all of which used charcoal yeast extract medium as a base, were tested for their ability to support the growth of a stock strain of Legionella pneumophila. Fifteen of these contained antimicrobial agents. Five antibiotic-containing media which performed best in growing the stock strain were then tested for the ability to grow L.(More)
Treatment of tuberculosis, a complex granulomatous disease, requires long-term multidrug therapy to overcome tolerance, an epigenetic drug resistance that is widely attributed to nonreplicating bacterial subpopulations. Here, we deploy Mycobacterium marinum-infected zebrafish larvae for in vivo characterization of antitubercular drug activity and tolerance.(More)
We studied the immune responses of guinea pigs and humans to two Legionella pneumophila antigens. Guinea pigs surviving a lethal intraperitoneal challenge dose of virulent L. pneumophila exhibited strong cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactions to purified OmpS (28-kDa major outer membrane protein) and Hsp60 (heat shock protein or common(More)
Invasive pneumococcal disease in adults may be declining, reflecting a form of herd protection from a new pediatric pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Our aim was to determine whether vaccination of children protects adults in the same home from bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia. We conducted a case-control study with 43 participating hospitals across a(More)
Nucleotide sequence analysis of an approximately 80-kb genomic region revealed an approximately 65-kb locus that bears hallmarks of a pathogenicity island. This locus includes homologues of a type IV secretion system, mobile genetic elements, and known virulence factors. Comparative studies with other Legionella pneumophila strains and serogroups indicated(More)
A total of 64 isolates of Klebsiella ozaenae were recovered from 36 patients during a 40-month period. Over 7,500 isolates of K. pneumoniae were isolated during the same time period. Before this decade, K. ozaenae was considered to be only a colonizer of the nasopharynx or a putative cause of ozena (atrophic rhinitis). K. ozaenae was recovered most(More)
A total of 100 water samples, 95% of which were taken from hospital potable water fixtures, were cultured on three different media used for the isolation of Legionella pneumophila. The media used were buffered charcoal-yeast extract medium (BCYE alpha medium), BCYE alpha medium with antimicrobial agents (BMPA alpha medium), and BCYE alpha medium with(More)
Members of the Mycobacterium chelonae-abscessus complex represent Mycobacterium species that cause invasive infections in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. We report the detection of a new pathogen that had been misidentified as M. chelonae with an atypical antimicrobial drug susceptibility profile. The discovery prompted a multicenter(More)
To assess the degree to which routine stool cultures, ova and parasite examinations, and Clostridium difficile toxin assays may be inappropriately ordered on hospitalized patients, we conducted a retrospective study to determine the relative yield of these tests on specimens collected from outpatients and inpatients as a function of time after admission.(More)