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There is great interest in discovering new targets for pain therapy since current methods of analgesia are often only partially successful. Although protein kinase C (PKC) enhances nociceptor function, it is not known which PKC isozymes contribute. Here, we show that epinephrine-induced mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia and acetic acid-associated(More)
UNLABELLED The development of more effective methods of relieving pain associated with burn injury is a major unmet medical need. Not only is acute burn injury pain a source of immense suffering, but it has been linked to debilitating chronic pain and stress-related disorders. Although pain management guidelines and protocols have been developed and(More)
Five synthetic prostaglandin E analogs (11-deoxyPGE1, 17-phenyl-ol-trinor prostaglandin E2, enisoprost, MB28767 and misoprostol) have been evaluated for their ability to produce mechanical hyperalgesia in rats. The Randall-Selitto paw withdrawal model of mechanical hyperalgesia was used. Following intradermal injections (2.5 microliters) into the dorsal(More)
We investigated the effect of chronic administration of morphine on noxious stimulus-induced antinociception (NSIA) produced by intraplantar capsaicin injection. In the untreated (naive) rat, we previously found that NSIA depends on activation of dopamine, nicotinic acetylcholine, and mu- and delta-opioid receptors in nucleus accumbens. Rats chronically(More)
After recovery from acute muscle pain even minor subsequent muscle use can initiate recurrence of the same mechanical hyperalgesia months or years after the initial injury. We have recently developed a model of this chronic latent hyperalgesia in the rat. In this study, we have examined the possibility that interleukin-6 (IL-6), an inflammatory mediator(More)
several of NGF’s actions, including activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases Erk1 and Erk2 and neurite outgrowth (Hundle et al., 1995, 1997). In addition, Sachia G. Khasar,* Yu-Huei Lin,† Annick Martin,† Jahan Dadgar,† Thomas McMahon,† Dan Wang,† Bhupinder Hundle,† K. O. Aley,* William Isenberg,* Gordon McCarter,* Paul G. Green,* Clyde W.(More)
Stress dramatically exacerbates pain in diseases such as fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that stress causes generalized hyperalgesia by enhancing pronociceptive effects of immune mediators. Rats exposed to nonhabituating sound stress exhibited no change in mechanical nociceptive(More)
UNLABELLED Although stress plays an important role in chronic widespread pain syndromes, such as fibromyalgia, the underlying mechanism has remained elusive. We have recently demonstrated, in a model of chronic widespread pain, that prolonged enhancement of immune mediator hyperalgesia, induced by unpredictable sound stress, requires a contribution of both(More)
While it is well established that acute stress can produce antinociception, a phenomenon referred to as stress-induced analgesia, repeated exposure to stress can have the opposite effect. Since, chronic pain syndromes, such as fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis, may be triggered and/or exacerbated by chronic stress, we have evaluated the effect of(More)
UNLABELLED We have recently developed an animal model of fibromyalgia syndrome in the rat. In this model, rats exposed to unpredictable sound stress develop a delayed onset enhancement and prolongation of cytokine-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in muscle and skin. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that our model also manifests symptoms of common(More)