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The objective of this study was to quantify the incidence of underlying cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) among women referred for colposcopy with three consecutive inadequate smears. The design was a retrospective cohort study analysing data from a regional colposcopy database at Cervical Screening Wales. Women who were referred to all the(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between APOE genotype and cognitive and emotional outcome following spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS Neuropsychological assessments were conducted with 70 SAH survivors derived from a consecutive series of neurosurgical admissions. Outcomes, including cognitive tests, health(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral glioma has a devastating impact on cognitive, physical, social, psychological and spiritual well-being. We sought to understand the multidimensional experience of patients with this form of cancer as they progressed from receiving a diagnosis to the terminal phase of the disease. METHODS We recruited patients with a suspected brain(More)
OBJECTIVE Relatively little attention has been paid to emotional outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study assessed levels of anxiety and depression among SAH survivors and related these to clinical indices. METHODS Seventy SAH patients from a consecutive series of neurosurgical admissions participated in semistructured assessments of(More)
BACKGROUND Head injuries are a common occurrence, with continuing care in the years following injury being provided by primary care teams and a variety of speciality services. The literature on outcome currently reflects areas considered important by health-care professionals, though these may differ in some respects from the views of head injured(More)
This paper examined the extent to which a reliable measure of leisure-time physical activity is predictive of self-perceived fitness among 40 British university students (mean age = 20.6 yr.). Spearman's rank-order correlations indicated that self-perceived fitness, on an ordinal scale of 1 through 5, was positively correlated 0.48 with Total activity score(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand factors influencing the process of adjustment to a diagnosis of glioma. METHODS Twenty-six patients and 23 relatives took part in 80 in-depth qualitative interviews conducted at five key stages: before formal diagnosis, at start of treatment, on completion of treatment, 6 months post treatment, and post bereavement. RESULTS High(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pain patients often describe their pain in ways that suggest vivid mental images, with some reporting images relating to their pain. Despite these clinical observations, there are few studies describing the nature and consequences of these images. This study examined whether mental imagery of pain is associated with levels of reported(More)
BACKGROUND Research into mental imagery has increased our understanding of a range of psychological problems. However, there has been little study into the spontaneous mental images experienced in response to chronic pain. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and characteristics of these pain-related mental images. METHODS Four hundred ninety-one(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether NART scores are associated with severity of brain injury and therefore presumably affected by brain injury. In addition, to compare the Cambridge Contextual Reading Test (CCRT) with injury severity in head-injured individuals. DESIGN AND METHODS Participants were 55 survivors of traumatic head injury, who completed the NART(More)