Paul Gerdhem

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Bone density, bone turnover and fracture susceptibility were evaluated in 1,132 randomly recruited women, all 75 years old. Seventy-four of the women had diabetes, while 1,058 women did not. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) of the hip and lumbar spine was investigated by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and bone mass of the calcaneus was measured by(More)
Vitamin D supplements have been used to prevent fractures. The effect may be mediated through increased bone mass, but also through reduced falling propensity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels (25OHD), fall-associated variables (including tests of functional performance), and fracture in ambulatory(More)
UNLABELLED We studied the ability of various markers of bone turnover to predict fracture in 1040 randomly recruited 75-year-old women. A total of 178 of the women sustained at least one fracture during follow-up (mean, 4.6 years). In elderly women, TRACP5b and urinary fragments of osteocalcin are promising new markers for prediction of fracture, in(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective randomized controlled study. OBJECTIVE To compare the outcome of indirect decompression by means of the X-Stop (Medtronics Inc., Minneapolis, MN) implant with conventional decompression in patients with neurogenic intermittent claudication due to lumbar spinal stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Decompression is currently the(More)
BACKGROUND Osteocalcin (OC) is produced by osteoblasts during bone formation, and circulating OC has been used in clinical investigations as a marker of bone metabolism. OC is excreted into urine by glomerular filtration and can be found in urine as midmolecule fragments. METHODS We developed and evaluated three immunoassays (U-MidOC, U-LongOC, and(More)
Information on objectively assessed physical activity in elderly people is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate accelerometer measures in elderly women, and its relation to other indices of physical activity and bone density. A subset of 57 women, all 80 years old, (range 80.0–80.7) of the Malmö OPRA study was equipped with an MTI accelerometer(More)
UNLABELLED Homocysteine has been suggested to be a risk factor for fracture, but the causal relationship is not clear. In 996 women from the OPRA study, high homocysteine level was associated with high bone marker levels and low BMD at baseline. During a mean 7-year follow-up, high homocysteine level was associated with mortality, but no clear association(More)
We have prospectively evaluated 21 patients (22 knees; 15 men and 6 women) who underwent hemicallotasis osteotomy (HO), using an external fixator, of the proximal tibia due to medial gonarthrosis. Their median age at the time of operation was 52 (range 39–62) years. The follow- up period was 12–28 months. The Hospital for Special Surgery score (HSS)(More)
Osteoporosis is characterized by compromised bone mass and strength, predisposing to an increased risk of fracture. Increased bone metabolism has been suggested to be a risk factor for fracture. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether baseline bone turnover markers are associated with long-term incidence of fracture in a population-based sample of(More)
To estimate the heritability of scoliosis in the Swedish Twin Registry. Self-reported data on scoliosis from 64,578 twins in the Swedish Twin Registry were analysed. Prevalence, pair- and probandwise concordances and tetrachoric correlations in mono- and dizygotic same-sex twins were calculated. The relative importance of genetic variance, i.e. the(More)