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Development of short-term potentiation (STP) of respiration, which leads to the respiratory 'afterdischarge', was studied in anesthetized, paralyzed, vagotomized and glomectomized cats. Phrenic nerve activity was used as an index of respiratory output. Respiratory output was increased and the potentiating mechanism activated by electrical stimulation of a(More)
We recorded phrenic nerve activity and thalamic single unit firing in unanesthetized, suprathalamically decerebrated, paralyzed and ventilated cats, in which vagi and carotid sinus nerves (CSN) had been ablated. Seventy-six (14%) of 545 neurons in regions of the thalamus related to the ascending reticular system, which had been tonically firing at low(More)
1. We recorded phrenic nerve activities and single unit firing of mesencephalic neurones in unanaesthetized supracollicularly decerebrated, paralysed and ventilated cats, in which vagi and carotid sinus nerves had been ablated. We made these measurements first at low levels of respiratory drive associated with normal PCO2 levels, then with increased(More)
The Copyright of this work is owned by the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). However, each of the authors and the employers for whom the work was performed reserve all other rights, specifically including the following: ... (4) The right to make copies of the work for internal distribution within the author's organization and for external(More)
The Ether-a-go-go (EAG) superfamily of voltage-gated K(+) channels consists of three functionally distinct gene families (Eag, Elk, and Erg) encoding a diverse set of low-threshold K(+) currents that regulate excitability in neurons and muscle. Previous studies indicate that external acidification inhibits activation of three EAG superfamily K(+) channels,(More)
1. Labeled premotor respiratory neurons from neonatal rats in culture were used to study the effects of (+/-)baclofen, a selective gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)b receptor agonist known to inhibit rhythmic breathing movements in mammals. Bath application of (+/-)baclofen-activated outward currents in cell-attached patches, suggesting that a second messenger(More)
We studied the effect of changing drive on resetting of respiratory rhythm in anesthetized cats and in a model (Van der Pol) of a limit-cycle oscillator. In cats, rhythm was perturbed by brief mesencephalic stimuli. Stimulus time in the cycle (old phases) and times of onset of rescheduled breaths (cophases) were measured. Previous study [Paydarfar and(More)
Recent studies from this laboratory have established that long-term exposure (48 hr) to glucocorticoids can modulate voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel activity and subsequent intracellular Ca(2+) transients in porcine adrenal medullary chromaffin (PAMC) cells maintained in primary culture. Consistent with many steroid hormone-mediated responses, this chronic(More)
Premotor respiratory neurons from neonatal rats express a Ba(2+)-insensitive outward rectifying K+ channel (KOR) which is activated by gamma-aminobutyric acid acting at its beta receptor. The biophysical properties of KOR are similar to those described for the S-channel (KS) which underlies simple forms of non-associative learning in the marine mollusc(More)