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Vertebrate-striated muscle is assumed to owe its remarkable order to the molecular ruler functions of the giant modular signaling proteins, titin and nebulin. It was believed that these two proteins represented unique results of protein evolution in vertebrate muscle. In this paper we report the identification of a third giant protein from vertebrate(More)
The sarcomeric Z-disk, the anchoring plane of thin (actin) filaments, links titin (also called connectin) and actin filaments from opposing sarcomere halves in a lattice connected by α-actinin. We demonstrate by protein interaction analysis that two types of titin interactions are involved in the assembly of α-actinin into the Z-disk. Titin interacts via a(More)
The giant muscle protein titin (connectin) is essential in the temporal and spatial control of the assembly of the highly ordered sarcomeres (contractile units) of striated muscle. Here we present the crystal structure of titin's only catalytic domain, an autoregulated serine kinase (titin kinase). The structure shows how the active site is inhibited by a(More)
BACKGROUND Alpha-actinin is a ubiquitously expressed protein found in numerous actin structures. It consists of an N-terminal actin binding domain, a central rod domain, and a C-terminal domain and functions as a homodimer to cross-link actin filaments. The rod domain determines the distance between cross-linked actin filaments and also serves as an(More)
The number of macromolecular structures solved and deposited in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) is higher than 40 000. Using this information in macromolecular crystallography (MX) should in principle increase the efficiency of MX structure solution. This paper describes a molecular-replacement pipeline, BALBES, that makes extensive use of this repository. It(More)
Schizosaccharomyces pombe mutants have been selected on the basis of an altered response to nutritional stimulation of cell division (changed division response, cdr). Two new loci (cdr1 and cdr2) were identified and characterized. When suspended in nitrogen-free medium wild-type cells underwent stimulated rates of division and became reduced to(More)
The cdr1 gene in Schizosaccharomyces pombe was identified as a mutation affecting the nutritional responsiveness of the mitotic size control. cdr1 alleles have been further analyzed for genetic interactions with elements of the mitotic control pathway and cloned by plasmid rescue of a conditional lethal cdr1-76 cdc25-22 double mutant. These analyses show(More)
The giant muscle protein titin (connectin) is assumed to play a crucial role in the control of Z-disk assembly. Analysis of the Z-disk region of titin/connectin revealed a novel 45 residue repeat that is spliced in variable copy numbers. The repeat region is coexpressed in normal human myocardium in size variants corresponding to between 5 and 7 repeats.(More)
The common pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes colonizes the human skin and tonsils and can invade underlying tissues. This requires the adhesion of S. pyogenes to host surface receptors mediated through adhesins. The laminin-binding protein Lbp has been suggested as an adhesin, specific for the human extracellular matrix protein laminin. Sequence alignments,(More)