Learn More
We isolated for the first time Streptococcus iniae strains associated with diseased marine fish. Diseased red drum Sciaenops ocellatus were lethargic, and presented external signs (exophthalmia and loss of orientation) resembling those of freshwater fish infected by S. iniae. Skin lesions, extending to a necrotizing myositis, were typical of S. iniae(More)
Fatal pulmonary infection in a captive alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) is reported. At necropsy, the animal appeared to be in excellent nutritional condition, but a severe necrotizing bronchitis with bronchiectasis was present. Histological examination revealed numerous branched, septate, hyaline hyphae within the necrotic debris lining the bronchi(More)
Streptococcus shiloi strains, including the type strain, which were isolated in Israel and the United States, and Streptococcus iniae ATCC 29178(T) (T = type strain) are phenotypically identical (as determined with API 20STREP and API 50CH kits; beta-hemolytic on sheep blood agar). DNA-DNA hybridization experiments revealed levels of homology of 77 to 100%.(More)
Streptococcus iniae is a cause of septicemia, meningoencephalitis, and death in farmed fish and of cellulitis in human beings. A set of nested oligonucleotide PCR primers that specifically amplified a 373-bp subunit from a variety of clinical isolates from farmed fish and human patients were constructed from a 524-bp consensus sequence of the S. iniae(More)
Streptococcus iniae (junior synonym S. shiloi) isolated from tilapia and trout in Israel and in the United States were subtyped by restriction length polymorphism (RFLP) based on PCR amplified 16S rDNA and by ribotyping. 16S rDNA RFLP discriminated between S. iniae and other fish pathogens but not between S. iniae strains. HindIII and EcoRI ribotypes of S.(More)
Necrotizing hepatopancreatitis (NHP) is a severe disease of farm-raised Penaeus vannamei that has been associated with mortality losses ranging from 20 to 95%. NHP was first recognized in Texas in 1985 (S. K. Johnson, p. 16, in Handbook of Shrimp Diseases, 1989) and is an economically important disease that has limited the ability to culture shrimp in(More)
Granulomatous hepatopancreatitis of unknown etiology has been considered an important disease of Texas shrimp mariculture since 1985. Samples of Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) were collected during 1986, 1987, and 1990 from three farms and an experimental mariculture facility with histories of production loss and increased mortality rates.(More)
Streptococcus difficile is a non-hemolytic Gram-positive bacterial coccus that causes septicemia and meningoencephalitis in farmed tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Recent studies have demonstrated S. difficile to be a group B, type Ib streptococcus with a whole cell protein electrophoretic profile indistinguishable from S.(More)
Morphologic examination of four Finnish Landrace mixed-breed lambs, 27 to 35 days of age, affected with mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis type 1, demonstrated a progressive glomerulonephritis. By 27 days of age, three lambs had crescents in 58 to 93% of glomeruli. These three lambs were also uremic. The accelerated rate of crescent formation was(More)