In the Western world previous studies have shown that the majority of cases of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), which is caused by thiamine deficiency, occur in alcoholics. However, in France, a country with one of the highest per capita consumptions of alcohol, the prevalence of the WKS was found to be only 0.4% in a small retrospective autopsy… (More)
Head trauma is considered to be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, because a high prevalence of beta AP deposits has repeatedly been reported in patients who died within a few days following head injury. To evaluate this statement, we undertook two studies using immunohistochemistry for beta AP and found a surprisingly low prevalence of beta AP diffuse… (More)
Background and Purpose—Advanced cerebrovascular wall calcification was recently observed at autopsy in 2 patients with systemic sclerosis. To further investigate this issue, we conducted a prospective CT study of scleroderma patients to detect intracerebral calcification. Methods—Thirty-seven consecutive patients with systemic sclerosis underwent unenhanced… (More)
The relationship between aging and apoptosis remains unclear. We wondered whether apoptosis could be enhanced in arterial aging in the absence of overt or advanced arterial disease. Apoptosis-related proteins were investigated using three methods: TdT-mediated dUTP digoxigenin nick end labeling (TUNEL) technique, active cysteine-dependant aspartate specific… (More)
We performed deep sequencing analysis of the enterovirus 5' noncoding region in cardiac biopsies from a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy. Results displayed a mix of deleted and full-length coxsackievirus B3, characterized by a low viral RNA load (8.10(2) copies/μg of nucleic acids) and a low viral RNA positive-sense to RNA negative-sense ratio of 4.8.
AIMS Arrhythmogenic right ventricular Dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is an autosomal dominant inherited cardiomyopathy associated with ventricular arrhythmia, heart failure and sudden death. Genetic studies have demonstrated the central role of desmosomal proteins in this disease, where 50% of patients harbor a mutation in a desmosmal gene. However,… (More)
Background: In recent clinical studies, growth factors have been used in both cardio-vascular and plastic surgery. We showed in a previous study that local administration of bFGF (basic Fibroblast Growth Factor), VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) and RGTA (regenerating agent), at the Latissimus Dorsi Muscle (LDM)-epicardial interface in a model of… (More)