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In the Western world previous studies have shown that the majority of cases of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), which is caused by thiamine deficiency, occur in alcoholics. However, in France, a country with one of the highest per capita consumptions of alcohol, the prevalence of the WKS was found to be only 0.4% in a small retrospective autopsy(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), has the ability to persist in its human host for exceptionally long periods of time. However, little is known about the location of the bacilli in latently infected individuals. Long-term mycobacterial persistence in the lungs has been reported, but this may not sufficiently(More)
BACKGROUND Human Herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is an important cause of fulminant or acute viral myocarditis in immunocompromised or immunocompetent patients. However the physiopathological mechanisms of HHV-6 related acute myocarditis and the involvement of subsequent HHV-6 reactivation phases in the development of chronic cardiomyopathies remain to be assessed.(More)
BACKGROUND In the pediatric population, glutaraldehyde-preserved bovine pericardium conduit containing a stentless porcine valve has been proposed as an alternative to homografts for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction. METHODS Between June 1996 and March 2000, a total of 55 patients, 20 with truncus arteriosus, 21 with pulmonary atresia with(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have been shown to prolong life expectancy in patients with congestive heart failure. In order to determine the relative contributions of the different factors involved in this beneficial effect, we investigated in an experimental model of postinfarction cardiac insufficiency in the rat over a 9-12-month period(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheal reconstruction after extensive resection remains a challenge in thoracic surgery. The goal of this experimental study was to analyze the long-term evolution of tracheal replacement using an autologous aortic graft. METHODS In 21 sheep, a 5-cm segment of the cervical trachea was replaced by a segment of the descending thoracic aorta(More)
The aims of our study were (1) to examine the socio-demographic, clinical characteristics, autopsy and toxicological findings in 392 youth suicides in Paris, between 1989 through 1996, and (2) to analyze the psychodynamic determinants leading up to the onset of the suicide. During the eight-year study period 392 suicides involving young people were(More)
Standardized one-step real-time RT-PCR assay detected enterovirus RNA in cardiac biopsy samples from 4 of 20 patients suffering from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). The median viral load was 287 copies per microgram of total extracted nucleic acids, with positive- to negative-strand RNA ratios ranging from 2 to 20. These results demonstrate(More)
Post-mortem biochemistry, also called thanatochemistry, has proved useful in forensics for estimating the time since death and assessing the cause of death. Ketoacidosis is a frequent complication of diabetes mellitus which can be lethal, with possible medicolegal implications. However, interpretation of biochemical analyses is difficult because of(More)