Paul Fornés

Learn More
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), has the ability to persist in its human host for exceptionally long periods of time. However, little is known about the location of the bacilli in latently infected individuals. Long-term mycobacterial persistence in the lungs has been reported, but this may not sufficiently(More)
In the Western world previous studies have shown that the majority of cases of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), which is caused by thiamine deficiency, occur in alcoholics. However, in France, a country with one of the highest per capita consumptions of alcohol, the prevalence of the WKS was found to be only 0.4% in a small retrospective autopsy(More)
The diagnosis of acute myocarditis is complex and challenging. The use of the Dallas criteria in the diagnosis of myocarditis is associated with poor sensitivity and specificity because of the sampling error related to the often focal distribution of the specific histological lesions in cardiac tissue and the variability in pathological interpretation. To(More)
The objectives of this study were to examine quantitatively the histological changes in incompetent degenerative mitral valves obtained at surgery for mitral valve repair, and to determine whether Barlow's disease (BD) and fibroelastic deficiency (FED) can be distinguished by histology. The billowing mitral leaflet syndrome (or Barlow's disease) and FED can(More)
Myocardial dysfunction without coronary involvement may occur in acute cerebral diseases. The inverted Takotsubo pattern has been recently recognized as a novel heart neurologic stress-related syndrome. We report on the case of a 40-year-old woman presenting with massive subarachnoid hemorrhage and brain death. Echocardiography revealed an extensive left(More)
The concept of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as the sudden, unexpected death of an infant less than a year old which remains unexplained after in-depth investigations comprising a complete autopsy, biological analyses, and a clinical examination of the circumstances surrounding the death. This definition underlines the importance of finding(More)
In performing medicolegal autopsies on sudden deaths, there occur a number of cases in which no cause of death can be found. In particular, no evidence of macroscopic cardiac abnormalities can be observed. However, extensive histological screening may reveal isolated areas of myocardial fibrosis. The five cases presented discuss the etiology of this(More)
OBJECTIVE The beneficial effect of chronic angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on survival has for long been established in the rat post-infarction model of chronic heart failure (CHF) and has subsequently been confirmed in humans. This study investigates in rats whether chronic angiotensin II AT1 receptor blockade shares with ACE inhibition(More)
High resolution MRI at 3 T and US imaging at 50 MHz were used for atherosclerotic plaque characterization. For 14 excised segments of human arteries, conventional MR and US images, quantitative MR T2 maps, US integrated attenuation (IA) maps, and histologic sections were produced and compared. The MR T2 and US attenuation mean values estimated in selected(More)
We report on a sudden cardiac death case involving a 40-year-old man with no known medical history. Forensic autopsy showed lymphocytic myocarditis associated with lymphocytic thyroiditis. In both the heart and the thyroid gland, the inflammatory foci often had a nodular pattern with a germinal centre. Virological and toxicological analyses were negative.(More)