Paul Fornès

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In the Western world previous studies have shown that the majority of cases of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), which is caused by thiamine deficiency, occur in alcoholics. However, in France, a country with one of the highest per capita consumptions of alcohol, the prevalence of the WKS was found to be only 0.4% in a small retrospective autopsy(More)
Head trauma is considered to be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, because a high prevalence of beta AP deposits has repeatedly been reported in patients who died within a few days following head injury. To evaluate this statement, we undertook two studies using immunohistochemistry for beta AP and found a surprisingly low prevalence of beta AP diffuse(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), has the ability to persist in its human host for exceptionally long periods of time. However, little is known about the location of the bacilli in latently infected individuals. Long-term mycobacterial persistence in the lungs has been reported, but this may not sufficiently(More)
The relationship between aging and apoptosis remains unclear. We wondered whether apoptosis could be enhanced in arterial aging in the absence of overt or advanced arterial disease. Apoptosis-related proteins were investigated using three methods: TdT-mediated dUTP digoxigenin nick end labeling (TUNEL) technique, active cysteine-dependant aspartate specific(More)
Aging is a progressive process determined by genetic and acquired factors. Among the latter are the chemical reactions referred to as nonenzymatic posttranslational modifications (NEPTMs), such as glycoxidation, which are responsible for protein molecular aging. Carbamylation is a more recently described NEPTM that is caused by the nonenzymatic binding of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Advanced cerebrovascular wall calcification was recently observed at autopsy in 2 patients with systemic sclerosis. To further investigate this issue, we conducted a prospective CT study of scleroderma patients to detect intracerebral calcification. METHODS Thirty-seven consecutive patients with systemic sclerosis underwent(More)
We performed deep sequencing analysis of the enterovirus 5' noncoding region in cardiac biopsies from a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy. Results displayed a mix of deleted and full-length coxsackievirus B3, characterized by a low viral RNA load (8.10(2) copies/μg of nucleic acids) and a low viral RNA positive-sense to RNA negative-sense ratio of 4.8.
AIMS Arrhythmogenic right ventricular Dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is an autosomal dominant inherited cardiomyopathy associated with ventricular arrhythmia, heart failure and sudden death. Genetic studies have demonstrated the central role of desmosomal proteins in this disease, where 50% of patients harbor a mutation in a desmosmal gene. However,(More)
Oligodeoxynucleotides containing CpG motifs (CpG-ODN) are powerful immunostimulating agents that are currently entering clinical trials in various human diseases. Concerns exist about potential auto-immune diseases triggered by such treatment. We thus investigated whether tumor rejection induced by CpG-ODN treatment could lead to a harmful auto-immune(More)
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