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In the Western world previous studies have shown that the majority of cases of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), which is caused by thiamine deficiency, occur in alcoholics. However, in France, a country with one of the highest per capita consumptions of alcohol, the prevalence of the WKS was found to be only 0.4% in a small retrospective autopsy(More)
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is a genetic cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular arrhythmias and structural abnormalities of the right ventricle (RV). The most important aspect in the treatment of ARVD/C is establishing a correct diagnosis based on the International Task Force criteria. In our experience,(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), has the ability to persist in its human host for exceptionally long periods of time. However, little is known about the location of the bacilli in latently infected individuals. Long-term mycobacterial persistence in the lungs has been reported, but this may not sufficiently(More)
Head trauma is considered to be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, because a high prevalence of beta AP deposits has repeatedly been reported in patients who died within a few days following head injury. To evaluate this statement, we undertook two studies using immunohistochemistry for beta AP and found a surprisingly low prevalence of beta AP diffuse(More)
OBJECTIVE The beneficial effect of chronic angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on survival has for long been established in the rat post-infarction model of chronic heart failure (CHF) and has subsequently been confirmed in humans. This study investigates in rats whether chronic angiotensin II AT1 receptor blockade shares with ACE inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropathological data are very scarce in systemic sclerosis and fail to demonstrate primary changes in the brains of such patients. CASE DESCRIPTIONS A 41-year-old woman with CREST syndrome developed signs of dementia after an episode of severe dehydration and died two months later of septic shock. A 63-year-old woman with CREST syndrome and a(More)
The relationship between aging and apoptosis remains unclear. We wondered whether apoptosis could be enhanced in arterial aging in the absence of overt or advanced arterial disease. Apoptosis-related proteins were investigated using three methods: TdT-mediated dUTP digoxigenin nick end labeling (TUNEL) technique, active cysteine-dependant aspartate specific(More)
Aging is a progressive process determined by genetic and acquired factors. Among the latter are the chemical reactions referred to as nonenzymatic posttranslational modifications (NEPTMs), such as glycoxidation, which are responsible for protein molecular aging. Carbamylation is a more recently described NEPTM that is caused by the nonenzymatic binding of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Advanced cerebrovascular wall calcification was recently observed at autopsy in 2 patients with systemic sclerosis. To further investigate this issue, we conducted a prospective CT study of scleroderma patients to detect intracerebral calcification. METHODS Thirty-seven consecutive patients with systemic sclerosis underwent(More)