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It is estimated that by 2050 more than one in five people will be aged 65 or over. In this age group, falls are one of the most serious life-threatening events that can occur. Their automatic detection would help reduce the time of arrival of medical attention, thus reducing the mortality rate and in turn promoting independent living. This study evaluated a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of exercise training (aerobic and resistance) in modifying blood lipids, and to determine the most effective training programme with regard to duration, intensity and frequency for optimizing the blood lipid profile. DESIGN Trials were identified by a systematic search of Medline, Embase, Science Citation Index(More)
The competence of elderly people to participate in medical decision-making is often called into question. This article explores the concept of competence as it relates to elderly people, and outlines the guiding ethical principles of autonomy and beneficence. Practical guidelines are offered on how competence can be assessed and some avoidable pitfalls are(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare hospital and home settings for the rehabilitation of patients following hip fracture. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial comparing accelerated discharge and home-based rehabilitation (n = 34) with conventional hospital care (n = 32) for patients admitted to hospital with hip fracture. SETTING Three metropolitan hospitals in(More)
This study aims to evaluate a variety of existing and novel fall detection algorithms, for a waist mounted accelerometer based system. Algorithms were tested against a comprehensive data-set recorded from 10 young healthy subjects performing 240 falls and 120 activities of daily living and 10 elderly healthy subjects performing 240 scripted and 52.4 hours(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether provision of individualised physical activity advice by an exercise specialist in general practice is effective in modifying physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in older adults. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial of individualised physical activity advice, reinforced at three and six months (intervention)(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to examine the feasibility of using a progress test to compare the rate of knowledge acquisition among students at a new medical school with that of students at a comparable but long-established school. METHODS As part of an ongoing strategy, we administered the McMaster Personal Progress Index (PPI) on four occasions to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the features of an optimal exercise programme in terms of type of exercise, intensity and frequency that would maximise the training induced decrease in blood pressure (BP). DATA IDENTIFICATION Trials were identified by a systematic search of Medline, Embase and Science Citation Index (SCI), previous review articles and the(More)