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We evaluated the histopathologic findings in seven patients who underwent surgical revision of the filtration site after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C because of persistent hypotonous maculopathy. Light microscopic examination of subconjunctival tissue and sclera demonstrated hypocellularity of fibroblasts and disruption of the normal architecture. Tissue(More)
Neuroinflammation is the local reaction of the brain to infection, trauma, toxic molecules or protein aggregates. The brain resident macrophages, microglia, are able to trigger an appropriate response involving secretion of cytokines and chemokines, resulting in the activation of astrocytes and recruitment of peripheral immune cells. IL-1β plays an(More)
The Notch pathway is implicated in many aspects of the central nervous system (CNS) development and functions. Recently, we and others identified the Notch pathway to be involved in inflammatory events of the CNS. To understand the implication of this pathway on astrocytes, we have studied the Jagged-Notch-Hes pathway under inflammatory conditions. LPS(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of extracellular deposits referred to beta-amyloid (Abeta) complexes or senile plaques. Abeta peptide is firstly produced as monomers, readily aggregating to form multimeric complexes, of which the smallest aggregates are known to be the most neurotoxic. In AD patients, abundant reactive microglia(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is histologically described by the deposition of α-synuclein, whose accumulation in Lewy bodies causes dopaminergic neuronal death. Although most of PD cases are sporadic, point mutations of the gene encoding the α-synuclein protein cause inherited forms of PD. There are currently six known point mutations that result in familial(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a major mitogen and chemoattractant for many cell types. The synergistic role of fetal bovine serum (FBS) and heparin on the modulation of tissue-cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells by bFGF was studied. Cell modulation was assessed by DNA synthesis ([3H]thymidine incorporation), mitochondrial activity (MTT(More)
A possibly new type of T cell pseudolymphoma is described in three cases. It presented as a small, solitary lesion on the trunk of 3 to 5 months' duration. It was slightly elevated, round, and erythematous, with a diameter of 1 to 2 cm. It showed a tendency to regress spontaneously. In sharp contrast to its benign clinical appearance and biologic behavior,(More)
PURPOSE Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), a major mitogen and chemoattractant, is a dimeric molecule of disulfide-bonded A and/or B polypeptide chains (PDGF-AA/AB/BB). Two PDGF receptors (PDGFR) exist, alpha and beta, which dimerize after ligand exposure. The alpha-receptor binds both A- and B-chains, whereas the beta-receptor preferentially binds the(More)
The capacity of human spermatozoa to penetrate zona-free hamster ova was used to investigate several methods of freezing and thawing sperm. No differences in postthaw sperm viability were obtained after cooling spermatozoa either with a complex egg yolk cryoprotective medium or glycerol. The in vitro fertilizing capacity of postthaw spermatozoa frozen with(More)