Learn More
A real-time PCR system directed against the nor-1 gene of the aflatoxin biosynthetic pathway as a target sequence has been applied to detect an aflatoxinogenic A. flavus strain in plant-type foods like maize, pepper and paprika. The system is based on the TaqMan fluorescent probe technology. The copy numbers of the nor-1 gene were compared to conventional(More)
Sixty-six strains classified as P. verrucosum based on morphological criteria were characterized by molecular methods like RAPD, AFLP and ITS sequencing. Two groups could be identified by RAPD and AFLP analyses. The two RAPD as well as the two AFLP groups were completely coincidental. Strains in the two groups differed in their ability to produce ochratoxin(More)
A real-time reverse transcription-PCR system has been used to monitor the expression of an aflatoxin biosynthetic gene of Aspergillus flavus in wheat. Therefore, total RNA was isolated from infected wheat samples, reverse transcribed and subjected to real-time PCR. In parallel all samples were analyzed by high-pressure liquid chromatography for aflatoxin(More)
Here we describe a spectral imaging system for minimally invasive identification, localization, and relative quantification of pigments in cells and microbial communities. The modularity of the system allows pigment detection on spatial scales ranging from the single-cell level to regions whose areas are several tens of square centimeters. For pigment(More)
A 750 bp DNA fragment from the genome of Penicillium nordicum was isolated using degenerated primers for polyketide synthase genes. All analyzed P. nordicum strains possessed the fragment, whereas the closely related ochratoxinogenic P. verrucosum strains did not. The nucleotide sequence of the fragment has been determined. It shows homology to the pksL2(More)
Analysis of differentially expressed genes under conditions which favour ochratoxin A production by Penicillium nordicum was carried out by Differential Display Reverse Transcriptase-PCR (DDRT-PCR). The differential conditions were achieved by growth on different minimal media which either support or inhibit ochratoxin A production. Thirty differentially(More)
Microsensors are powerful tools for microenvironment studies, however their use has often been restricted to laboratory applications due to the lack of adequate equipment for in situ deployments. Here we report on new features, construction details, and examples of applications of an improved diver-operated motorized microsensor profiler for underwater(More)
24 days after starting treatment of psoriasis with fumaric acid derivatives (0.8-1.0 g orally, plus unknown quantities locally) a 21-year-old woman developed acute oliguric renal failure with a rise of serum creatinine levels to 1094 mumol/l (12.4 mg/dl). Deterioration of renal function had been preceded by severe abdominal symptoms with nausea, vomiting(More)