Paul F. Sowman

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Neuroimaging studies have shown that the neural mechanisms of motor imagery (MI) overlap substantially with the mechanisms of motor execution (ME). Surprisingly, however, the role of several regions of the motor circuitry in MI remains controversial, a variability that may be due to differences in neuroimaging techniques, MI training, instruction types, or(More)
A neural biomarker that can be applied to studies of oral communication disorders would provide a boon to researchers. While there has been much research conducted on manual response inhibition, very few studies have examined vocal response inhibition. To date, no study has examined the temporal aspects of vocal inhibition. Therefore, the present study(More)
UNLABELLED While stuttering is known to be characterized by anomalous brain activations during speech, very little data is available describing brain activations during stuttering. To our knowledge there are no reports describing brain activations that precede blocking. In this case report we present magnetoencephalographic data from a person who stutters(More)
Tonic pain in one body segment can inhibit the perception of pain in another body segment. This phenomenon is mediated by diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC), and its efficacy in craniofacial regions is investigated in this study. A compressive device that evoked a tonic, moderate/severe, headache-like, conditioning pain (∼8/10 on a visual analogue(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) to tones that are self-initiated are reduced in their magnitude in comparison with ERPs to tones that are externally generated. This phenomenon has been taken as evidence for an efference copy of the motor command acting to suppress the sensory response. However, self-initiation provides a strong temporal cue for the stimulus(More)
This paper discusses, using the human jaw as a model, some of the commonly used techniques for examining physiological tremor. The EMG component driving mandibular physiological tremor approximately 7Hz can be revealed in the time domain manifestation of EMG by demodulation. The co-occurrence of approximately 7Hz physiological tremor (PT) in force and EMG(More)
During bimanual load lifting, the brain must anticipate the effects of unloading upon the load-bearing arm. Little is currently known about the neural networks that coordinate these anticipatory postural adjustments. We measured neuromagnetic brain activity with whole-head magnetoencephalography while participants performed a bimanual load-lifting task.(More)
Even the simplest volitional movements must be precisely coordinated with anticipatory postural adjustments. Little is currently known about the neural networks that coordinate these adjustments in healthy adults. We measured brain activity prior to movement during a bimanual load-lifting task, designed to elicit anticipatory adjustments in a restricted and(More)
The fluent production of speech requires accurately timed movements. In this article, we propose that a deficit in brain timing networks is one of the core neurophysiological deficits in stuttering. We first discuss the experimental evidence supporting the involvement of the basal ganglia and supplementary motor area (SMA) in stuttering and the involvement(More)
Stopping outright (reactive inhibition) and slowing down (proactive inhibition) are types of response inhibition which have mainly been investigated in the manual effector system. This study compared reactive inhibition across manual and vocal effector systems, examined the effects of excitatory anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (anodal tDCS)(More)