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Caveolae are specialized invaginations of the plasma membrane found in numerous cell types. They have been implicated as playing a role in a variety of physiological processes and are typically characterized by their association with the caveolin family of proteins. We show here by means of targeted gene disruption in mice that a distinct(More)
Insulin stimulates the translocation of intracellular GLUT4 to the plasma membrane where it functions in adipose and muscle tissue to clear glucose from circulation. The pathway and regulation of GLUT4 trafficking are complicated and incompletely understood and are likely to be contingent upon the various proteins other than GLUT4 that comprise and interact(More)
Polymerase I and transcript release factor (PTRF)/Cavin is a cytoplasmic protein whose expression is obligatory for caveola formation. Using biochemistry and fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based approaches, we now show that a family of related proteins, PTRF/Cavin-1, serum deprivation response (SDR)/Cavin-2, SDR-related gene product that binds to C(More)
Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the extracellular deposition in the brain of aggregated beta-amyloid peptide, presumed to play a pathogenic role, and by preferential loss of neurons that express the 75-kD neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR). Using rat cortical neurons and NIH-3T3 cell line engineered to stably express p75NTR,(More)
Cavin (PTRF) has been shown to be a highly abundant protein component of caveolae, but its functional role there is unknown. Here, we confirm that cavin co-localizes with caveolin-1 in adipocytes by confocal microscopy and co-distributes with caveolin-1 in lipid raft fractions by sucrose gradient flotation. However, cavin does not directly associate with(More)
APPL1 (adaptor protein containing PH domain, PTB domain, and leucine zipper motif 1) is an Akt/protein kinase B-binding protein involved in signal transduction and membrane trafficking pathways for various receptors, including receptor tyrosine kinases. Here, we establish a role for APPL1 in insulin signaling in which we demonstrate its interaction with(More)
In many cell types including myoblasts, growth factors control proliferation and differentiation, in part, via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway (also known as the extracellular regulated kinase (Erk) pathway). In C2C12 myoblast cells, insulin-like growth factor-1 and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) activate MAPK/Erk, and both growth(More)
Although the importance of clathrin- and caveolin-independent endocytic pathways has recently emerged, key aspects of these routes remain unknown. Using quantitative ultrastructural approaches, we show that clathrin-independent carriers (CLICs) account for approximately three times the volume internalized by the clathrin-mediated endocytic pathway, forming(More)
Innervation is important for normal metabolism in skeletal muscle, including insulin-sensitive glucose uptake. However, the transcription factors that transduce signals from the neuromuscular junction to the nucleus and affect changes in metabolic gene expression are not well defined. We demonstrate here that the orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 is a regulator(More)
We examined the effects of insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on the production of collagen by cultures of human embryonic lung fibroblasts. Insulin at 20 ng/ml increased collagen accumulation by 58% and total protein formation by 18%. At 2 micrograms/ml, insulin increased collagen production by 2- to 3-fold and total protein production by(More)