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The shape of the cumulative food intake curve of normal weight and obese women was studied during solid food lunches, artificially prolonged meals, and energetically enriched meals eaten in a laboratory setting. Subjects (86 normal weight, 50 obese) displayed consistent eating behaviour over 3-6 repeated meals, with marked differences between individuals.(More)
The present study determined the intra-individual variation of BMR measurements, using a standard out-patient protocol, with the subjects transporting themselves to the laboratory for the BMR measurements after spending the night at home. The effect of a non-fasting state and variation in daily habitual physical activity the day before testing was(More)
This study characterizes respiration chambers with fully automated calibration. The system consists of two 14-m3 pull-type chambers. Care was taken to provide a friendly environment for the subjects, with the possibility of social contact during the experiment. Gas analysis was automated to correct for analyzer drift and barometric pressure variations and(More)
Human eating behavior may be influenced non-homeostatically by the rewarding value of foods, i.e. 'liking' (pleasure/palatability) and 'wanting' (incentive motivation). The objectives of this study were to validate a computer test for assessment of rewarding value of food, and to assess how rewarding value of food is affected by eating a dessert-specific(More)
High-fibre diets offer several beneficial health effects. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether replacement of 30 % of the available carbohydrates with polydextrose (PDX) or soluble maize fibre (SCF) at breakfast and lunch would result in an increased fat oxidation rate and satiety, which may be of relevance for body weight control(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare overweight and lean subjects with respect to thermogenesis and physiological insulation in response to mild cold and rewarming. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Ten overweight men (mean BMI, 29.2 +/- 2.8 kg/m(2)) and 10 lean men (mean BMI, 21.1 +/- 2.0 kg/m(2)) were exposed to cold air for 1 hour, followed by 1 hour of rewarming. Body(More)
The largest component of daily energy expenditure is resting energy expenditure as reflected in overnight metabolic rate (OMR) and sleeping metabolic rate (SMR). Here, we determined the variation in OMR (24:00-6:00 h) and SMR values (3 h intervals) as affected by physical activity (PA) during the day and the night. Subjects were 32 females and 17 males, age(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep has been associated with the regulation of energy balance, yet the relation between sleep stages and energy expenditure remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The objective was to investigate the relation between sleep stages and energy expenditure, with sleep stage and overnight energy expenditure patterns taken into account. DESIGN Thirteen(More)
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