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Splenic injury was associated with a flexible fiberoptic colonoscopy and required an urgent splenectomy. Injuries to viscera other than the colon during colonoscopy are rare, and the diagnosis is frequently delayed. Excessive traction on the splenocolic ligament or on preexisting adhesions, resulting in capsular tears, is the presumed mechanism of injury.(More)
Products of inflammation, such as interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and nitric oxide (NO), may impair early function of pancreatic islet grafts. In in vitro studies, freshly isolated rat islets of Langerhans cultured for 24 hr (10 islets/well) in the presence of 20 IU/ml of IL-1 beta released 57% less insulin (mean +/- S.E. of 151 +/- 61 microU) on the average(More)
Hyperuricemia is common in cyclosporine-treated renal allograft recipients. An increased incidence of gout in patients receiving both diuretics and cyclosporine has been reported, but the effect of hyperuricemia on renal allograft function has not been studied. In a prospective, randomized trial of cyclosporine and prednisone versus azathioprine,(More)
We studied the effect of acute renal allograft rejection and its timing on the development of chronic rejection and subsequent graft loss. Between January 1, 1987 and April 30, 1991, 424 patients at the University of Minnesota received a primary kidney transplant (minimum follow-up, 1 year). Patients were subdivided by donor source, presence or absence of(More)
A variety of refinements in the care of kidney transplant recipients have been instituted over the past decade. The authors studied the overall impact of these refinements on kidney allograft losses at a single institution. To do this they compared the causes and rates of graft loss for primary kidney transplants in the 1970s (January 1, 1970 to December(More)
Chronic pancreatitis is difficult to treat in patients with a nondilated duct. Patients experiencing intractable pain unresponsive to or judged untreatable by lesser procedures must decide between total pancreatectomy and resultant diabetes or a continuation of their pancreatitis. From 1977 through 1990, 26 patients underwent extensive pancreatectomy and(More)
Chronic rejection is a major barrier to long-term renal allograft survival. Cyclosporine, though effective at reducing graft loss to acute rejection, has had little impact on the incidence of chronic rejection. Between June 2, 1986 and January 22, 1991, 587 kidney-alone transplants (566 patients) were performed, and had been entered into our renal(More)
Hypercalcaemia is considered to be a rare cause of pancreatitis but the true cause-and-effect relationship between hyperparathyroidism and pancreatic inflammatory disease remains controversial. Over 100 patients have been reported in whom both processes have occurred concurrently, but doubts have been expressed as to whether or not this association is due(More)
BACKGROUND Historically, antibody induction has been used because of the higher immunologic risk of graft loss or rejection observed in simultaneous pancreas and kidney (SPK) transplantation compared with kidney transplantation alone. This trial was designed to assess the effect of antibody induction in SPK transplant recipients receiving tacrolimus,(More)