Paul F. Fransz

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A detailed karyotype of Arabidopsis thaliana is presented using meiotic pachytene cells in combination with fluorescence in situ hybridization. The lengths of the five pachytene bivalents varied between 50 and 80 microns, which is 20-25 times longer than mitotic metaphase chromosomes. The analysis confirms that the two longest chromosomes (1 and 5) are(More)
A technique to detect DNA sequences on extended DNA fibres (EDF) prepared from interphase nuclei from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and Arabidopsis thaliana leaves by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is described. Three nuclear lysis procedures have been tested for their ability to decondense chromatin and to generate highly extended intact DNA(More)
Heterochromatin in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana is confined to small pericentromeric regions of all five chromosomes and to the nucleolus organizing regions. This clear differentiation makes it possible to study spatial arrangement and functional properties of individual chromatin domains in interphase nuclei. Here, we present the organization of(More)
We propose a model for heterochromatin assembly that links DNA methylation with histone methylation and DNA replication. The hypomethylated Arabidopsis mutants ddm1 and met1 were used to investigate the relationship between DNA methylation and chromatin organization. Both mutants show a reduction of heterochromatin due to dispersion of pericentromeric(More)
We have constructed an integrated cytogenetic map of chromosome arm 4S of Arabidopsis thaliana. The map shows the detailed positions of various multicopy and unique sequences relative to euchromatin and heterochromatin segments. A quantitative analysis of the map positions at subsequent meiotic stages revealed a striking pattern of spatial and temporal(More)
Transcriptional gene silencing (TGS) frequently inactivates foreign genes integrated into plant genomes but very likely also suppresses an unknown subset of chromosomal information. Accordingly, RNA analysis of mutants impaired in silencing should uncover endogenous targets of this epigenetic regulation. We compared transcripts from wild-type Arabidopsis(More)
Cohesins are a group of conserved proteins responsible for cohesion between replicated sister chromatids during mitosis and meiosis and which are implicated in double-strand break repair and meiotic recombination. We describe here the identification and characterisation of an Arabidopsis gene - DETERMINATE, INFERTILE1 (DIF1), which is a homolog of the(More)
An atlas of meiosis inArabidopsis thaliana, encompassing all stages from preleptotene to telophase II and early microspore formation, is presented in detail for the first time. The photomicrographs and descriptions are based on staining with the DNA fluorochrome 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) combined with a spreading procedure, or haematoxylin-iron(More)
The molecular and cytological organization of the telomeric repeat (TR) and the subtelomeric repeat (TGR1) of tomato were investigated by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques. Hybridization signals on extended DNA fibres, visualized as linear fluorescent arrays representing individual telomeres, unequivocally demonstrated the molecular(More)
A molecular cytogenetic map of Medicago truncatula (2n = 2x = 16) was constructed on the basis of a pachytene DAPI karyogram. Chromosomes at this meiotic prophase stage are 20 times longer than at mitotic metaphase, and display a well differentiated pattern of brightly fluorescing heterochromatin segments. We describe here a pachytene karyogram in which all(More)