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Ischaemic stroke is a rare occurrence in children and in a proportion of cases the aetiology remains unknown. We have investigated the role of thrombophilia in the aetiology of this condition. Of 50 cases identified at two centres, 37 were available for detailed haematological analysis. No cases were identified with deficiencies of antithrombin, protein C(More)
This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of three doses of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A; Dysport) in 125 patients (mean age 5.2 years, SD 2; 54% male)with dynamic equinus spasticity during walking. Participants were randomized to receive Dysport (10, 20, or 30 units/kg) or placebo to the gastrocnemius muscle of both legs. Muscle length was calculated from(More)
Among features of motor disorders in children, spasticity is associated with considerable morbidity and problems in care, particularly in severely affected patients. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) has been increasingly used as a relatively specific treatment modality for spasticity. To date, most of the evidence for its use in paediatric patients has come from(More)
  • Paul Eunson
  • Developmental medicine and child neurology
  • 2015
Infants who suffer hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) at term are at risk of dying or developing severe cerebral palsy (CP). Children with severe CP often have other neurodevelopmental disabilities, which may affect their quality of life as much as the CP itself. New treatments for HIE, such as cooling, may improve motor outcomes, but affected infants(More)
Immune-mediated limbic encephalitis affects both adults and children. Patients typically present with seizures, memory problems, and imaging changes in the medial temporal lobes. Both paraneoplastic and nonparaneoplastic forms have been described in which the antibody to the voltage-gated potassium channel-complex associated protein, leucine-rich(More)
NHS Evidence has accredited the process used by the Centre for Clinical Practice at NICE to produce guidelines. Accreditation is valid for 5 years from September 2009 and applies to guidelines produced since April 2007 using the processes described in NICE's 'The guidelines manual' (2007, updated 2009). More information on accreditation can be viewed at(More)
Intrathecal baclofen is used in the management of spasticity associated with cerebral palsy (CP). Sudden cessation of intrathecal baclofen may give rise to the potentially life-threatening baclofen withdrawal syndrome. We report three cases in which intravenous diazepam is used effectively in the management of planned intrathecal withdrawal. All three(More)
Cerebral palsy is a common and significant disorder of motor development, with an incidence of 2e2.5 per 1000 live births. Despite improvements in antenatal and perinatal care, there has been little change in the overall numbers of children developing cerebral palsy in the last 40 years. More extremely premature infants are surviving and have more severe(More)
The ability to move two fingers at the same time was measured in young and older adults. This study measured the accuracy with which 45 normally developing children (23 boys, 22 girls; mean ages 8.4 and 8.3 years respectively) and 49 young adults (25 males, 24 females; mean ages 19.8 and 20.5 years respectively) could synchronize movements of two fingers(More)