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The Nelder–Mead simplex algorithm, first published in 1965, is an enormously popular direct search method for multidimensional unconstrained minimization. Despite its widespread use, essentially no theoretical results have been proved explicitly for the Nelder–Mead algorithm. This paper presents convergence properties of the Nelder–Mead algorithm applied to(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with sepsis the production of arachidonic acid metabolites by cyclooxygenase increases, but the pathophysiologic role of these prostaglandins is unclear. In animal models, inhibition of cyclooxygenase by treatment with ibuprofen before the onset of sepsis reduces physiologic abnormalities and improves survival. In pilot studies of(More)
The mechanics of gas flow in endotracheal (ET) tubes have been evaluated extensively in vitro under static and dynamic conditions. Previous bedside determinations of respiratory system mechanics in patients with acute respiratory failure have been based on assumptions derived from in vitro measurements without direct measurement of in vivo ET tube(More)
How many sublattices of index N are there in the planar hexagonal lattice? Which of them are the best from the point of view of packing density, signal-to-noise ratio, or energy? We answer the first question completely and give partial answers to the other questions. Let A denote the familiar hexagonal lattice shown in Fig. 1. We shall investigate four(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the levels of glutathione and cysteine in patients with ARDS and examine the effect of treatment with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate (Procysteine; Clintec Technologies Inc; Chicago [OTZ]) on these levels and on common physiologic abnormalities, and organ dysfunction associated with ARDS. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective was to compare the clinical and physiologic characteristics of febrile septic patients with hypothermic septic patients; and to examine plasma levels of cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha and interleukin 6 (IL-6) and the lipid mediators thromboxane B2 (TxB2) and prostacyclin in hypothermic septic patients in comparison(More)
Arachidonic acid metabolites, especially thromboxane-A2 and prostacyclin, have been shown to be increased in experimental models of sepsis and the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and play a major pathophysiologic role. This study was designed to determine if these metabolites are increased in human sepsis syndrome and if inhibition of fatty acid(More)
Although reduced lung compliance is a hallmark of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the role of increased airflow resistance in this disorder has not been well studied. Because animal models of ARDS show marked increases in airflow resistance and because mediators known to participate in lung parenchymal injury have also been implicated in(More)