Paul E Steele

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Immunosuppressed Swiss Black mice deficient in surfactant protein A (SP-A(-/-)) and wild-type control mice (SP-A(+/+)) were exposed to Pneumocystis carinii by environmental exposure, intratracheal inoculation, and direct exposure to other infected animals. The frequency and intensity of P. carinii infection were significantly greater in the SP-A(-/-) mice(More)
Endogenous coenzyme Q10 is an essential cofactor in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, a potent antioxidant, and a potential biomarker for systemic oxidative status. Evidence of oxidative stress was reported in individuals with trisomy 21. In this study, 14 children with trisomy 21 had significantly increased (P < 0.0001) plasma ubiquinone-10 (the(More)
Coenzyme Q10 content, pathology evaluation, and electron transport chain (ETC) enzyme analysis were determined in muscle biopsy specimens of 82 children with suspected mitochondrial myopathy. Data were stratified into three groups: "probable" ETC defects, "possible" ETC defects, and disease controls. Muscle total, oxidized, and reduced coenzyme Q10(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis techniques were used to examine the chromosomes of Pneumocystis carinii isolated from laboratory rats and two human subjects. P. carinii organisms isolated from each of four rat colonies and from two patients each produced a distinct band pattern, but in all cases the bands ranged in size from 300 to 700 kilobase pairs. P.(More)
The efficacy of antifolate, antiviral, and other drugs was compared in an experimental model of pneumocystosis. Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) administered alone in doses of greater than or equal to 60 mg/kg/day was highly effective in treatment and prophylaxis. Low (less than or equal to 15 mg/kg/day) doses of SMX showed limited, dose-related anti-Pneumocystis(More)
Guanylhydrazones are cationic heteroaromatic drugs similar to the diamidines which are effective in the treatment of African trypanosomiasis and pneumocystosis. On the basis of their antitrypanosomal activity, different guanylhydrazones were selected for evaluation in a rat model of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. The most active compounds were the(More)
This report describes a child with a severe phenotype of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) who developed progressive disease requiring stem cell transplantation. This severe form of ALPS was associated with a novel Fas gene splice site mutation that resulted in functional deletion of exons 8 and 9. While this child shared many clinical features(More)
Coenzyme Q10 (Q10) is available as an over-the-counter dietary supplement in the United States. While its use could be considered a form of alternative therapy, the medical profession has embraced the use of Q10 in specific disease states, including a series of neurologic and muscular diseases. Clinical laboratory monitoring is available for measurement of(More)
Over a 7-year period, we analyzed 261 dose regimens of antimicrobial drugs in the treatment and prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in an immunosuppressed rat model. These compounds ranged from drugs in clinical use to newly synthesized agents. Drug efficacy was expressed as the magnitude of the reduction in median P. carinii cyst or nucleus counts(More)
Pneumocystis carinii, a leading opportunistic pulmonary pathogen, contains a major surface glycoprotein (MSG) which plays a central role in its interaction with the host. Naive Lewis rats were immunized with varying concentrations of purified native MSG and a recombinant form of the protein (MSG-B), placed in a conventional rat colony with exposure to P.(More)